Search results for: the-social-life-of-information

The Social Life of Information

Author : John Seely Brown
File Size : 33.28 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 440
Read : 587
Download »
“Should be read by anyone interested in understanding the future,” The Times Literary Supplement raved about the original edition of The Social Life of Information. We’re now living in that future, and one of the seminal books of the Internet Age is more relevant than ever. The future was a place where technology was supposed to empower individuals and obliterate social organizations. Pundits predicted that information technology would spell the end of almost everything—from mass media to bureaucracies, universities, politics, and governments. Clearly, we are not living in that future. The Social Life of Information explains why. John Seely Brown and Paul Duguid show us how to look beyond mere information to the social context that creates and gives meaning to it. Arguing elegantly for the important role that human sociability plays, even—perhaps especially—in the digital world, The Social Life of Information gives us an optimistic look beyond the simplicities of information and individuals. It shows how a better understanding of the contribution that communities, organizations, and institutions make to learning, working, and innovating can lead to the richest possible use of technology in our work and everyday lives. With a new introduction by David Weinberger and reflections by the authors on developments since the book’s first publication, this new edition is essential reading for anyone seeking to understand the human place in a digital world.

Social Information Technology Connecting Society and Cultural Issues

Author : Kidd, Terry T.
File Size : 69.31 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 852
Read : 1195
Download »
"This book provides a source for definitions, antecedents, and consequences of social informatics and the cultural aspect of technology. It addresses cultural/societal issues in social informatics technology and society, the Digital Divide, government and technology law, information security and privacy, cyber ethics, technology ethics, and the future of social informatics and technology"--Provided by publisher.

The Social Life of Small Urban Spaces

Author : William Hollingsworth Whyte
File Size : 59.99 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 246
Read : 594
Download »
In 1980, William H. Whyte published the findings from his revolutionary Street Life Project in 'The Social Life of Small Urban Spaces'. Both the book and the accompanying film were instantly labeled classics, and launched a mini-revolution in the planning and study of public spaces. They have since become standard texts, and appear on syllabi and reading lists in urban planning, sociology, environmental design, and architecture departments around the world.

Social Capital and Information Technology

Author : Marleen Huysman
File Size : 38.89 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 700
Read : 810
Download »
A multidisciplinary examination of the interplay between social capital--the value derived from social ties--and information technology. The concept of social capital, or the value that can be derived from social ties created by goodwill, mutual support, shared language, common beliefs, and a sense of mutual obligation, has been applied to a number of fields, from sociology to management. It is only lately, however, that researchers in information technology and knowledge management have begun to explore the idea of social capital in relation to their fields. This collection of thirteen essays by computer scientists, sociologists, communication specialists, economists, and others presents a multidisciplinary look at this particular intersection of information technology and social science and the need to adopt a sociotechnical perspective.For the most part the contributors take a positive view of the interplay of social capital, knowledge sharing, and community building. Some essays look at specific instances, including the on-line and face-to-face relationships of a community of athletes, the building of social capital among Iranian NGOs, and the Internet-based communities created by the open-source movement, while others discuss more general ideas of civic and personal communities. The last four essays examine computer applications that augment social capital, including topic- and member-centered communications spaces such as the Expert Finder and the Loops system and virtual repositories of knowledge such as the Answer Garden and Pearls of Wisdom.

Applications of Social Research Methods to Questions in Information and Library Science 2nd Edition

Author : Barbara M. Wildemuth
File Size : 87.12 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 728
Read : 1135
Download »
The second edition of this innovative textbook illustrates research methods for library and information science, describing the most appropriate approaches to a question—and showing you what makes research successful. • Provides comprehensive coverage of research methods used in library and information science, discussing their strengths, weaknesses, and biases • Presents completely updated content that includes several new chapters on innovative methods (mixed methods research and social network analysis) and more than half of the methods chapters focus on critiquing new research studies • Covers both qualitative and quantitative methods as well as mixed methods • Analyzes examples of award-winning library research

Museum Philosophy for the Twenty first Century

Author : Hugh H. Genoways
File Size : 47.85 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 375
Read : 1265
Download »
Presents reflections on museum philosophy for the 21st century from an international group of contributors.

Phenomenology Organizational Politics and IT Design The Social Study of Information Systems

Author : Viscusi, Gianluigi
File Size : 49.34 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 872
Read : 1277
Download »
"This book offers a new look at the latest research and critical issues within the field of information systems by creating solid theoretical frameworks and the latest empirical findings of social developments"--

Future Information Society The Social And Technological Problems

Author : Burgin Mark
File Size : 47.90 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 351
Read : 1132
Download »
This book is the first volume of a two-volume edition based on the International Society for Information Studies Summit Vienna 2015 on "The Information Society at the Crossroads. Response and Responsibility of the Sciences of Information" (see summit.is4is.org). The book represents a trans-disciplinary endeavor of the leading experts in the field of information studies posing the question for a better society, in which social and technological innovations help make information key to the flourishing of humanity and dispense with the bleak view of the dark side of information society. It is aimed at readers that conduct research into any aspect of information, information society and information technology, who develop or implement social or technological applications. It is also for those who have an interest in participating in setting the goals for sciences of information and social applications of technological achievements and scientific results.

Social Life and Personality

Author : Emory Stephen Bogardus
File Size : 26.76 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 498
Read : 311
Download »

Emotions in Social Life

Author : Gillian Bendelow
File Size : 42.67 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 585
Read : 788
Download »
The development of a sociology of emotions is crucial to our understanding of social life as they hold the key to our understanding of social processes and sociological investigation. First published in 1997, Emotions in Social Life consolidates the sociology of emotions as a legitimate and viable field of enquiry. It provides a comprehensive assessment of the sociology of emotions using work from scholars of international stature, as well as newer writers in the field. It presents new empirical research in conjunction with innovative and challenging theoretical material, and will be essential reading for students of sociology, health psychology, anthropology and gender studies.

The Social Life of Politics

Author : Sian Lazar
File Size : 58.82 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 653
Read : 722
Download »
A central motor of Argentine historical and political development since the early twentieth century, unions have been the site of active citizenship in both political participation and the distribution of social, economic, political, and cultural rights. What brings activists to Argentine unions and what gives these unions their remarkable strength? The Social Life of Politics examines the intimate, personal, and family dimensions of two political activist groups: the Union of National Civil Servants (UPCN) and the Association of State Workers (ATE). These two unions represent distinct political orientations within Argentina's broad, vibrant labor movement: the UPCN identifies as predominantly Peronist, disciplined, and supportive of incumbent government, while the ATE prides itself on its democratic, horizontal approach and relative autonomy from the electoral process. Sian Lazar examines how activists in both unions create themselves as particular kinds of militants and forms of political community. The Social Life of Politics places the lived experience of political activism into historical relief and shows how ethics and family values deeply inform the process by which political actors are formed, understood, and joined together through collectivism.

The Sense of Dissonance

Author : David Stark
File Size : 90.63 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 650
Read : 503
Download »
What counts? In work, as in other areas of life, it is not always clear what standards we are being judged by or how our worth is being determined. This can be disorienting and disconcerting. Because of this, many organizations devote considerable resources to limiting and clarifying the logics used for evaluating worth. But as David Stark argues, firms would often be better off, especially in managing change, if they allowed multiple logics of worth and did not necessarily discourage uncertainty. In fact, in many cases multiple orders of worth are unavoidable, so organizations and firms should learn to harness the benefits of such "heterarchy" rather than seeking to purge it. Stark makes this argument with ethnographic case studies of three companies attempting to cope with rapid change: a machine-tool company in late and postcommunist Hungary, a new-media startup in New York during and after the collapse of the Internet bubble, and a Wall Street investment bank whose trading room was destroyed on 9/11. In each case, the friction of competing criteria of worth promoted an organizational reflexivity that made it easier for the company to change and deal with market uncertainty. Drawing on John Dewey's notion that "perplexing situations" provide opportunities for innovative inquiry, Stark argues that the dissonance of diverse principles can lead to discovery.

Social Informatics An Information Society for All In Remembrance of Rob Kling

Author : Jacques Berleur
File Size : 81.64 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 363
Read : 1314
Download »
The principal message of the ‘Human Choice and Computers’ (HCC) tradition and its associated conferences over the years is that there are choices and alternatives. In this volume, Social Informatics takes two directions. The first supports readers in interpreting of the meaning of Social Informatics. The second, more extensive part develops an overview of various applications of Social Informatics. Researchers inspired by Social Informatics touch many areas of human and social life.

Green Grades

Author : Graham Bullock
File Size : 45.37 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 441
Read : 1230
Download »
Consumers are confronted with a confusing array of environmental ratings on products that range from refrigerators to shampoos. Is the information that these ratings represent trustworthy, accurate, or even relevant to environmental concerns? "Information optimists" believe that these "green grades" can play an important role in saving the planet. "Information pessimists" consider them a distraction from pursuing legislative and regulatory actions. In this book, Graham Bullock offers a comprehensive assessment and analysis of the effectiveness and validity of such environmental ratings as ENERGY STAR, USDA Organic, the Forest Stewardship Council, LEED, and the Toxic 100 Air Polluters Index. Bullock stakes out a position as an "information realist," acknowledging both the contributions and the limitations of these initiatives. Drawing on interviews, case studies, and an original dataset of 245 environmental ratings and certifications, he examines what he calls the information value chain of green grades: organizational associations, content, methods, interfaces, and outcomes. He explores the relevance of the information to the issues; the legitimacy and accountability of sponsoring or cooperating organizations; the reliability of methods used to develop the information; the prominence and intelligibility of communication to the public; and the effects and effectiveness of the information after it emerges from the value chain. Bullock's analysis offers a realistic appraisal of the role of information-based environmental governance -- its benefits and shortcomings -- and its relation to other governance strategies.

Information and Creation

Author : German Golitsyn
File Size : 73.34 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 298
Read : 541
Download »
This book is devoted to one of the central problems of contemporary thinking, for which c.P. Snow in 1959 coined the phrase of the «Two Cultures». In this concept, human endeavour is directed on one side to the (forward-looking) sci ences (mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, etc.) and on the other side to the (backward-looking) humanities (including psychology, linguistics, sociology, etc.). In this dichotomy Snow saw no possibility of unification. On the other hand the urge towards self-consistency and harmony in the mental and spiritual lives of both man and society as a whole is clearly one of the major forces of creativity, both scientific and artistic. This force aims at the unification of the «Two Cultures» in order to build an integrated self-consistent system for our intellectual life. Some attempts in this direction have been made before, and will be described in this book. It is our aim to contribute to the achievement of an integrated mental life on the basis of information theory. In order to construct our model, we examine the laws of information theory, leading us to the deduction of the main laws inherent in both «cultures». Thus, we consider the evolution of both non-living and living matter, human behaviour, the phenomenon of language, the sphere of aesthetics, etc. We hope that our work will be useful both for researchers (who are trying to derive different integral theories) and for various other «consumers» of scientific knowledge (meaning broad circles of intellectuals).

Designing Information Spaces The Social Navigation Approach

Author : Kristina Höök
File Size : 67.35 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 424
Read : 213
Download »
Social navigation is an emerging field which examines how we navigate information or locate services in both real and virtual environments and how we interact with and use others to find our way in information spaces. It has led to new ways of thinking about how we design information spaces and how we address usability issues, particularly in collaborative, web-based systems. This book follows on from Munro et al, Social Navigation of Information Space, which was the first major work in this field. It provides a similar broad overview of the field, but is much more practical in focus.

Information Technologies and Social Orders

Author : Carl J. Couch
File Size : 74.86 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 291
Read : 1017
Download »
According to Carl J. Couch, the history of human society is one of successive, sometimes overlapping, information technologies used to process the various symbolic representations that inform social contexts. Unlike earlier “media” theorists who ignored social context in order to concentrate on the information technologies themselves, Couch implements a consistent theory of interpersonal and intergroup relations to describe the essential interface between information technologies and the social contexts in which they are used. Couch emphasizes the formative capacities of information technologies across historical epochs and cultures, and places them within the major institutional relations of various societies. He views social orders as reflexively shaped by the information technologies that participants use, and as susceptible to mass brutality and oppression due to oligarchic control though he hopes technology will remain humane. The original edition of this manuscript was nearly complete at the time of Couch’s death and was brought to completion by two of his closest associates. Now after two decades, during which its impact is indisputable, it has been updated for a new generation of students and scholars. Additions include discussions on books in the digital age, social media, mobile telephones, recordings, participatory culture, and more.

Information Sources in the Social Sciences

Author : David Fisher
File Size : 60.34 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 700
Read : 1176
Download »
The aim of each volume of this series Guides to Information Sources is to reduce the time which needs to be spent on patient searching and to recommend the best starting point and sources most likely to yield the desired information. The criteria for selection provide a way into a subject to those new to the field and assists in identifying major new or possibly unexplored sources to those who already have some acquaintance with it. The series attempts to achieve evaluation through a careful selection of sources and through the comments provided on those sources.

Utilizing Technology Knowledge and Smart Systems in Educational Administration and Leadership

Author : Durnali, Mehmet
File Size : 63.77 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 799
Read : 1323
Download »
Within educational organizations, administration and leadership are relied upon for the allocation of resources as well as the optimization of processes that can include data storage, knowledge management, and decision making. To support these expectations, technologies, knowledge, and smart systems must be put into place that allow administrators and leaders to accomplish these tasks as efficiently as possible. Utilizing Technology, Knowledge, and Smart Systems in Educational Administration and Leadership is an academic research book that examines knowledge regarding the scholarly exploration of the technologies, information/knowledge, and smart systems in educational administration and leadership. It provides a holistic, systematic, and comprehensive paradigm. Featuring a wide range of topics such as technology leadership in schools, technology integration in educational administration, and professional development, this book is ideal for school administrators, educational leaders, principals, IT consultants, educational software developers, academicians, researchers, professionals, educational policymakers, educators, and students.

Information Social Relations and the Economics of High Technology

Author : Michael Perelman
File Size : 38.85 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 166
Read : 1140
Download »
A discussion of various types of capitalism and the evolution of the firm. The book examines the concept of the firm in the context of class conflict and considers markets as an impediment to economic process. Finally the book examines the use of computer software as a public good.