Search Results for "the-structure-of-evolutionary-theory"

The Structure of Evolutionary Theory

The Structure of Evolutionary Theory

  • Author: Stephen Jay Gould,Steven James Gold,The Alexander Agassiz Professor of Zoology Stephen Jay Gould
  • Publisher: 清华大学出版社有限公司
  • ISBN: 9780674006133
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 1433
  • View: 6627
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Presents a critique of classical Darwinism, covering its core elements, history, and origins, and offers a new structure of evolutionary thought.

The Structure of Evolutionary Theory

The Structure of Evolutionary Theory

  • Author: Stephen Jay Gould
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674417925
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 1464
  • View: 5562
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The world’s most revered and eloquent interpreter of evolutionary ideas offers here a work of explanatory force unprecedented in our time—a landmark publication, both for its historical sweep and for its scientific vision. With characteristic attention to detail, Stephen Jay Gould first describes the content and discusses the history and origins of the three core commitments of classical Darwinism: that natural selection works on organisms, not genes or species; that it is almost exclusively the mechanism of adaptive evolutionary change; and that these changes are incremental, not drastic. Next, he examines the three critiques that currently challenge this classic Darwinian edifice: that selection operates on multiple levels, from the gene to the group; that evolution proceeds by a variety of mechanisms, not just natural selection; and that causes operating at broader scales, including catastrophes, have figured prominently in the course of evolution. Then, in a stunning tour de force that will likely stimulate discussion and debate for decades, Gould proposes his own system for integrating these classical commitments and contemporary critiques into a new structure of evolutionary thought. In 2001 the Library of Congress named Stephen Jay Gould one of America’s eighty-three Living Legends—people who embody the “quintessentially American ideal of individual creativity, conviction, dedication, and exuberance.” Each of these qualities finds full expression in this peerless work, the likes of which the scientific world has not seen—and may not see again—for well over a century.

The Structure and Confirmation of Evolutionary Theory

The Structure and Confirmation of Evolutionary Theory

  • Author: Elisabeth Anne Lloyd
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • ISBN: 9780691000466
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 235
  • View: 7762
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Traditionally a scientific theory is viewed as based on universal laws of nature that serve as axioms for logical deduction. In analyzing the logical structure of evolutionary biology, Elisabeth Lloyd argues that the semantic account is more appropriate and powerful. This book will be of interest to biologists and philosophers alike.Traditionally a scientific theory is viewed as based on universal laws of nature that serve as axioms for logical deduction. In analyzing the logical structure of evolutionary biology, Elisabeth Lloyd argues that the semantic account is more appropriate and powerful. This book will be of interest to biologists and philosophers alike.

Punctuated Equilibrium

Punctuated Equilibrium

  • Author: Stephen Jay GOULD,Stephen Jay Gould
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674037847
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 408
  • View: 7459
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In 1972 Stephen Jay Gould took the scientific world by storm with his paper on punctuated equilibrium. Challenging a core assumption of Darwin's theory of evolution, it launched the controversial idea that the majority of species originates in geological moments (punctuations) and persists in stasis. Now, thirty-five years later, Punctuated Equilibrium offers his only book-length testament on a theory he fiercely promoted, repeatedly refined, and tirelessly defended.

The Structure of Biological Theories

The Structure of Biological Theories

  • Author: Paul Thompson
  • Publisher: SUNY Press
  • ISBN: 9780887069338
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 148
  • View: 1723
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The central thesis of this book is that the semantic conception is a logical methodologically and heuristically richer and more accurate account of scientific theorizing, and in particular of theorizing in evolutionary biology, than the more widely adhered to syntactic conception. In this book, the author outlines both the conceptions indicating the significant problems with the syntactic conception; explains and criticizes two influential syntactic-conception accounts of the structure of evolutionary theorizing. Thompson also argues that the semantic conception provides a richer and more accurate understanding than the syntactic conception of sociobiological explanation, of the testability of sociobiology, and of the role of culture and cognition in evolutionary explanations of human behavior.

Full House

Full House

  • Author: Stephen Jay Gould
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674061616
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 244
  • View: 5490
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Gould shows why a more accurate way of understanding our world is to look at a given subject within its own context, to see it as a part of a spectrum of variation and then to reconceptualize trends as expansion or contraction of this “full house” of variation, and not as the progress or degeneration of an average value, or single thing.

Ontogeny and Phylogeny

Ontogeny and Phylogeny

  • Author: Stephen Jay Gould
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 9780674639416
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 501
  • View: 952
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Prospectus; The analogistic tradition from anaximander to bonnet; Transcendental origins, 1793-1860; Evolutionary triumph, 1859-1900; Pervasive influence; Decline, fall, and generalization; Heterochrony and paedomorphosis; Heterochrony and the parallel of ontogeny and phylogeny; The ecological and evolutionary significance of heterochrony; Progenesis and neoteny; Retardation and neoteny in human evolution.

The Origins of Order

The Origins of Order

Self-Organization and Selection in Evolution

  • Author: Stuart A. Kauffman
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 9780199826674
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 734
  • View: 7411
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Stuart Kauffman here presents a brilliant new paradigm for evolutionary biology, one that extends the basic concepts of Darwinian evolution to accommodate recent findings and perspectives from the fields of biology, physics, chemistry and mathematics. The book drives to the heart of the exciting debate on the origins of life and maintenance of order in complex biological systems. It focuses on the concept of self-organization: the spontaneous emergence of order that is widely observed throughout nature Kauffman argues that self-organization plays an important role in the Darwinian process of natural selection. Yet until now no systematic effort has been made to incorporate the concept of self-organization into evolutionary theory. The construction requirements which permit complex systems to adapt are poorly understood, as is the extent to which selection itself can yield systems able to adapt more successfully. This book explores these themes. It shows how complex systems, contrary to expectations, can spontaneously exhibit stunning degrees of order, and how this order, in turn, is essential for understanding the emergence and development of life on Earth. Topics include the new biotechnology of applied molecular evolution, with its important implications for developing new drugs and vaccines; the balance between order and chaos observed in many naturally occurring systems; new insights concerning the predictive power of statistical mechanics in biology; and other major issues. Indeed, the approaches investigated here may prove to be the new center around which biological science itself will evolve. The work is written for all those interested in the cutting edge of research in the life sciences.

The Theory of Evolution

The Theory of Evolution

  • Author: John Maynard Smith,Smith John Maynard
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 9780521451284
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 354
  • View: 7121
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All living plants and animals, including man, are the modified descendants of one or a few simple living things. A hundred years ago Darwin and Wallace in their theory of natural selection, or the survival of the fittest, explained how evolution could have happened, in terms of processes known to take place today. In this book John Maynard Smith describes how their theory has been confirmed, but at the same time transformed, by recent research, and in particular by the discovery of the laws of inheritance.

The Lying Stones of Marrakech

The Lying Stones of Marrakech

  • Author: Stephen Jay Gould
  • Publisher: Harvard University Press
  • ISBN: 0674061675
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 371
  • View: 2297
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A popular essayist offers his perspective on natural history and the people who have tried to decipher it in this collection of essays on topics from fake fossils to vanishing planets. Photos.