Search results for: the-turkish-embassy-letters-1763

The Turkish Embassy Letters

Author : Lady Mary Wortley Montagu
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In 1716, Lady Mary Wortley Montagu’s husband Edward Montagu was appointed British ambassador to the Sublime Porte of the Ottoman Empire. Montagu accompanied her husband to Turkey and wrote an extraordinary series of letters that recorded her experiences as a traveller and her impressions of Ottoman culture and society. This Broadview edition includes a broad selection of related historical documents on Turkey, women in the Arab world, Islam, and “Oriental” tales written in Europe.

A Self Reflexive Journey Imagining Identity in the Eighteenth Century Travel Narrative

Author : Shirley Ferro Tung
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A Self-Reflexive Journey examines real-life, published accounts of popular eighteenth-century travelers as a novel form of creative autobiography in which lived experience is translated as narrative experiment. As a subset of life-writing, the travelogue provides the occasion for authors to self-fashion their identities as traveling subjects and attempt to reconcile their personal and national identities with constant exposure to foreign customs and modes of thought. I argue that figurative and literal landscapes in eighteenth-century travel accounts function as a crucial site for the mediation of narrative identity, enabling the internal contestations of the evolving self to be enacted upon a global stage. The introduction elaborates upon the critical approach of the dissertation and discusses how Joseph Addison's meditation on Virgilian poetical "landskips" in Remarks on Italy (1705) anticipates his eponymous persona in The Spectator (1711-1712) by reconciling the literary past with the literal present. Chapter two examines the letters Lady Mary Wortley Montagu composed during her eighteenth-month sojourn to Turkey beginning in 1716, posthumously published as Turkish Embassy Letters (1763), and her correspondence relating to her residence in Italy from 1739 to 1762. I interrogate how Montagu's depiction of Turkey as the Elysian Fields in 1717, and her recapitulation of this metaphor to describe her departure for Italy twenty-two years later, serves as a paradigm for leaving behind her former English life and identity. In the third chapter I analyze James Boswell's use of the geographical feature of the isthmus to stand in for his intermediary identity as a post-Union Scot in An Account of Corsica (1768) and The Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides (1785). The dissertation concludes by exploring Mary Wollstonecraft's conflation of embosomed arboreal landscapes and the female breast in Letters Written During a Short Residence in Sweden, Norway, and Denmark (1796) to politicize her identity as a mother and travel writer within the Radical context of A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792).

Triumphant Bodies

Author : Emily Smith
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Triumphant Bodies: Sexual-Political Conquest in British Women's Published Writing, 1660-1769 builds on recent scholarship such as Ros Ballaster's Seductive Forms and Catherine Gallagher's Nobody's Story in order to draw attention to professional female authors' use of a pliant vocabulary of sexuality and politics during the eighteenth century. Throughout the study, Smith emphasizes the blending of gendered, sexed, and politicized language a blending that allowed women to provocatively challenge, undermine, and rearticulate the terms of power and authority that were available to them in the literary marketplace. Triumphant Bodies centers on Aphra Behn, Mary Wortley Montagu, Charlotte Lennox, and Frances Brooke, with additional glances toward their contemporaries, including John Dryden, John Wilmot, Earl of Rochester, Delarivier Manley, Henry Fielding, Anne Finch, Mary Leapor, Alexander Pope, Jonathan Swift, and Horace Walpole. Smith positions women's writing within dominant traditions but argues that women writers simultaneously understood themselves s part of a gendered trajectory. By drawing together a diverse and expansive range of texts by women, this study suggests the complexity of any attempt to define women's authorial triumphs during this period of tremendous vigor and transformation in the literary marketplace.

Talking on Paper

Author : Wendy L. Jones
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The Turkish Embassy Letters

Author : Lady Mary Wortley Montagu
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In 1716, Lady Mary Wortley Montagu’s husband Edward Montagu was appointed British ambassador to the Sublime Porte of the Ottoman Empire. Montagu accompanied her husband to Turkey and wrote an extraordinary series of letters that recorded her experiences as a traveller and her impressions of Ottoman culture and society. This Broadview edition includes a broad selection of related historical documents on Turkey, women in the Arab world, Islam, and “Oriental” tales written in Europe.

Voyagers Out of the Harem Within

Author : Anne M. Lockwood
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The English Chartered Trading Companies 1688 1763

Author : Michael Wagner
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This book provides a collective view of the five major English chartered trading companies which were active during the period 1688-1763: The East India Company, the Royal African Company, the Hudson's Bay Company, The Levant Company, and the Russia Company. Using both archival and secondary sources, this monograph fills in some of the knowledge gaps concerning the less well-studied companies, and examines the interconnections between international rivalry, the financial operations of the companies, and politics which have not featured prominently in the historiography.

Europa und die T rkei im 18 Jahrhundert

Author : Barbara Schmidt-Haberkamp
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English summary: The contributions to this volume explore intercultural contacts and the reciprocal perceptions between Turkey and Europe in the eighteenth century. 'The dangerous Turk', one of the most antagonistic narratives in early modern times, lost impact after the Ottoman defeat in the second siege of Vienna 1683. The image of the Turk changed from the menacing, invincible terror of Christendom to that of a quaint and exotic neighbour. The result was a broad, partly euphoric acceptance and blending of Ottoman culture into the political, scientific, economic and aesthetic discourses of the eighteenth century. Conversely, the European impact on the socio-political and cultural life of the Ottoman Empire increased at the beginning of the eighteenth century. From the perspective of a variety of different academic disciplines, the contributions to this volume explore the following questions: What possibilities were there to form an idea of the other and to what extent was this idea founded on autistic self-assertion on the one hand, on curiosity and creative appropriation on the other? What forms of intercultural contacts existed and how have they been documented? german description: Thema dieses Bandes sind die interkulturellen Kontakte und die wechselseitige Wahrnehmung zwischen der Turkei und Europa im 18. Jahrhundert. Die Turkengefahr, eines der wichtigsten Antagonismusnarrative der fruhen Neuzeit, verblasste nach der osmanischen Niederlage bei der zweiten Belagerung Wiens 1683, und das Bild des Turken wandelte sich vom bedrohlichen, unbesiegbaren Schrecken der Christenheit zum kuriosen, exotischen Nachbarn. Die osmanische Kultur fand in den politischen, wissenschaftlichen, wirtschaftlichen und asthetischen Diskursen des 18. Jahrhunderts breite, zum Teil euphorische Aufnahme und Verarbeitung. Zugleich verstarkte sich zu Beginn des 18. Jahrhunderts der europaische Einfluss im gesellschaftspolitischen und kulturellen Leben des Osmanischen Reichs. Welche Moglichkeiten bestanden, sich ein Bild des Anderen zu machen, und zu welchen Teilen grundete es auf autistischer Selbstbespiegelung einerseits, auf Neugier und produktiver Aneignung andererseits? Welche Formen des interkulturellen Kontaktes existierten und wie sind sie dokumentiert? Auf diese Fragen antworten die Beitrage aus der Sicht verschiedener akademischer Disziplinen.

Index of English Literary Manuscripts

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This volume, the third in the series, discusses the works of 11 British 18th-century writers, providing information on the nature of the MS, date, variant title(s), state of completion, provenance and location, date and first form of publication, any scholarly use of the MS, and the existence of any published facsimiles. Information is drawn from material in libraries, record offices and private collections throughout the world. The listing of each author's manuscripts is preceded by an introduction. The book records many hitherto unrecorded manuscripts.

Jean Baptiste Vanmour

Author : E. Sint Nicolaas
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Handbook of British Travel Writing

Author : Barbara Schaff
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This handbook offers a systematic exploration of current key topics in travel writing studies. It addresses the history, impact, and unique discursive variety of British travel writing by covering some of the most celebrated and canonical authors of the genre as well as lesser known ones in more than thirty close-reading chapters. Combining theoretically informed, astute literary criticism of single texts with the analysis of the circumstances of their production and reception, these chapters offer excellent possibilities for understanding the complexity and cultural relevance of British travel writing.

Christian Muslim Relations A Bibliographical History Volume 13 Western Europe 1700 1800

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Christian-Muslim Relations, a Bibliographical History Volume 13 (CMR 13) is a history of all works written on relations in the period 1700-1800 in Western Europe. Its detailed entries contain descriptions, assessments and comprehensive bibliographical details about individual works from this time.

Epistolary Community in Print 1580 1664

Author : Diana G. Barnes
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Epistolary Community in Print contends that the printed letter is an inherently sociable genre ideally suited to the theorisation of community in early modern England. In manual, prose or poetic form, printed letter collections make private matters public, and in so doing reveal, first how tenuous is the divide between these two realms in the early modern period and, second, how each collection helps to constitute particular communities of readers. Consequently, as Epistolary Community details, epistolary visions of community were gendered. This book provides a genealogy of epistolary discourse beginning with an introductory discussion of Gabriel Harvey and Edmund Spenser’s Wise and Wittie Letters (1580), and opening into chapters on six printed letter collections generated at times of political change. Among the authors whose letters are examined are Angel Day, Michael Drayton, Jacques du Bosque and Margaret Cavendish. Epistolary Community identifies broad patterns that were taking shape, and constantly morphing, in English printed letters from 1580 to 1664, and then considers how the six examples of printed letters selected for discussion manipulate this generic tradition to articulate ideas of community under specific historical and political circumstances. This study makes a substantial contribution to the rapidly growing field of early modern letters, and demonstrates how the field impacts our understanding of political discourses in circulation between 1580 and 1664, early modern women’s writing, print culture and rhetoric.

Women Travel Writing and Truth

Author : Clare Broome Saunders
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The issue of truth has been one of the most constant, complex, and contentious in the cultural history of travel writing. Whether the travel was undertaken in the name of exploration, pilgrimage, science, inspiration, self-discovery, or a combination of these elements, questions of veracity and authenticity inevitably arise. Women, Travel, and Truth is a collection of twelve essays that explore the manifold ways in which travel and truth interact in women's travel writing. Essays range in date from Lady Mary Wortley Montagu in the eighteenth century to Jamaica Kincaid in the twenty-first, across such regions as India, Italy, Norway, Siberia, Austria, the Orient, the Caribbean, China and Mexico. Topics explored include blurred distinctions of fiction and non-fiction; travel writing and politics; subjectivity; displacement, and exile. Students and academics with interests in literary studies, history, geography, history of art, and modern languages will find this book an important reference.

Travelling in Different Skins

Author : Dúnlaith Bird
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Travelling in Different Skins explores the ways in which travel creates gender trouble and motion destabilises identity. Through close readings of European women's Oriental travelogues from 1850-1950, including Olympe Audouard, Isabella Bird, Jane Dieulafoy and Freya Stark, the book shows how the 'perfect woman' is rewritten in the Other space of the Orient. As these women negotiate their way through the traditionally male arenas of colonialism,Orientalism and the adventure genre, they send home distorted, disturbing, appealing visions of modern female identity. Combining travel, post-colonial and gender theory, the book demonstrates howrather than domestic, localised contentment, women travellers in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries explore cross-dressing, commerciality and performance. At the risk of going too far, becoming subject to social exclusion, they push out the physical, textual and geographical parameters by which women are defined. This monograph elaborates a new paradigm for considering women's travel writing, vagabondage, the endless, aching search for identity through motion.

Europe and the Black Sea Region

Author : Dominik Gutmeyr
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When the scientific study of the Black Sea Region began in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, initially commissioned by adjacent powers such as the Habsburg and the Russian empires, this terra incognita was not yet considered part of Europe. The eighteen chapters of this volume show a broad range of thematic foci and theoretical approaches - the result of the enormous richness of the European macrocosm and the BSR. The microcosms of the many different case studies under scrutiny, however, demonstrate the historical dimension of exchange between the allegedly opposite poles of `East' and `West' and underscore the importance of mutual influences in the development of Europe and the BSR.

Letters of Note Grief

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In Letters of Note: Grief, Shaun Usher gathers together some of the most powerful messages about grief, from the heart-wrenching pain of losing a loved one to reliving fond memories of those who have passed on. Includes letters by: Audre Lorde, Robert Frost, Nick Cave, Rainer Maria Rilke, Sidonie-Gabrielle Colette, Kahlil Gibran, Edith Wharton, Mary Wortley Montagu, Seungsahn Haengwon & many more

Travel Writing and the Female Imaginary

Author : Vita Fortunati
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Multicultural Writers from Antiquity to 1945

Author : Valeria Tocco
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This reference includes alphabetically arranged entries for more than 100 world writers from antiquity to 1945, who were significantly influenced by cultures other than their own. Each entry is written by an expert contributor and provides a brief biography, a discussion of multicultural themes and contexts, a summary of the author's critical reception, and primary and secondary bibliographies. The entries focus on the socio-historical circumstances that led to the author's exile, emigration, religious conversion, education, and travel or residence in a foreign country.

Multicultural Narratives

Author : Mustafa Kirca
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The term ‘multiculturalism’ has been widely quoted to explain and study transnational networks and cultural changes on a global scale. This book focuses on the application of multicultural theories and perspectives in the field of literature and particularly in contemporary narratives. Bringing together ten studies which blur the limits of conventional discourse, and employing an interdisciplinary approach to address research problems using methods and insights borrowed from multiple disciplines, it features theoretical and analytical writings on multiculturalism and its traces in literatures that subvert the essentialist binary frameworks of ethnicity, race, nation and identity in a variety of texts. These include Martin Amis’s The Pregnant Widow, Kazuo Ishiguro’s The Remains of the Day, Salman Rushdie’s Midnights Children and Shame, Hanif Kureishi’s Something to Tell You, J. G. Ballard’s High-Rise, Lady Annie Brassey’s Sunshine and Storm in the East; or, Cruises to Cyprus and Constantinople, and Sir Henry Blount’s A Voyage into the Levant. Approaching theoretical issues concerning multiculturalism from multiple perspectives and looking for its traces in different time periods and genres, this book will be of interest for scholars and researchers working in the fields of literature and cultural studies, as well as students studying in the same fields and the general reader.