Search results for: transitions-and-trees

Transitions and Trees

Author : Hans Hüttel
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Structural operational semantics is a simple, yet powerful mathematical theory for describing the behaviour of programs in an implementation-independent manner. This book provides a self-contained introduction to structural operational semantics, featuring semantic definitions using big-step and small-step semantics of many standard programming language constructs, including control structures, structured declarations and objects, parameter mechanisms and procedural abstraction, concurrency, nondeterminism and the features of functional programming languages. Along the way, the text introduces and applies the relevant proof techniques, including forms of induction and notions of semantic equivalence (including bisimilarity). Thoroughly class-tested, this book has evolved from lecture notes used by the author over a 10-year period at Aalborg University to teach undergraduate and graduate students. The result is a thorough introduction that makes the subject clear to students and computing professionals without sacrificing its rigour. No experience with any specific programming language is required.

Dependency Parsing

Author : Sandra Kubler
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Dependency-based methods for syntactic parsing have become increasingly popular in natural language processing in recent years. This book gives a thorough introduction to the methods that are most widely used today. After an introduction to dependency grammar and dependency parsing, followed by a formal characterization of the dependency parsing problem, the book surveys the three major classes of parsing models that are in current use: transition-based, graph-based, and grammar-based models. It continues with a chapter on evaluation and one on the comparison of different methods, and it closes with a few words on current trends and future prospects of dependency parsing. The book presupposes a knowledge of basic concepts in linguistics and computer science, as well as some knowledge of parsing methods for constituency-based representations. Table of Contents: Introduction / Dependency Parsing / Transition-Based Parsing / Graph-Based Parsing / Grammar-Based Parsing / Evaluation / Comparison / Final Thoughts

Handbook of Integrated Risk Management for E Business

Author : Abderrahim Labbi
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“This book provides a recipe for the practical application of technology and is one of the first instances where the tools and technologies that allow for the implementation of solutions to solve specific problems are actually outlined.” --Dr. Krishna Nathan, Vice President, IBM Research This ground-breaking book integrates converging views of e-business processes and offers ways to manage their inherent risks with advanced modeling techniques. Contributors from leading academic and business organizations explore state-of-the-art adaptive risk analysis systems that support business processes in project portfolio management, operations management, supply chain management, inventory control, data mining for customer relationship management, information technology security, finance, e-banking, and more. Today’s new business environments are characterized by increasing sources of uncertainty and variability which challenge current decision-making processes.Handbook of Integrated Risk Management for E-Business: Measuring, Modeling, and Managing Risk provides a roadmap for identifying and mitigating the primary risks associated with each critical e-business process. It also shows you how to transform your processes by empowering your decision-making systems and how to design appropriate risk management systems for decision support.

Theory and Applications of Models of Computation

Author : T-H. Hubert Chan
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Theory and Applications of Models of Computation, TAMC 2013, held in Hong Kong, China, in May 2013. The 31 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 70 submissions. Bringing together a wide range of researchers with interests in computational theory and applications, the papers address the three main themes of the conference which were computability, complexity, and algorithms and present current research in these fields with aspects to theoretical computer science, algorithmic mathematics, and applications to the physical sciences.

State Space Search

Author : Weixiong Zhang
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This book is particularly concerned with heuristic state-space search for combinatorial optimization. Its two central themes are the average-case complexity of state-space search algorithms and the applications of the results notably to branch-and-bound techniques. Primarily written for researchers in computer science, the author presupposes a basic familiarity with complexity theory, and it is assumed that the reader is familiar with the basic concepts of random variables and recursive functions. Two successful applications are presented in depth: one is a set of state-space transformation methods which can be used to find approximate solutions quickly, and the second is forward estimation for constructing more informative evaluation functions.

Unfoldings

Author : Javier Esparza
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In this book the authors introduce unfoldings, an approach to model checking which alleviates the state explosion problem by means of concurrency theory. They offer an introduction to the basics of the method and detail an unfolding-based algorithm for model checking concurrent systems against properties specified as formulas of linear temporal logic (LTL). The book will be of value to researchers and graduate students engaged in automatic verification and concurrency theory.

Trees in Algebra and Programming CAAP 94

Author : Sophie Tison
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This volume contains the papers selected for presentation at the 19th Colloquium on Trees in Algebra and Programming (CAAP '94), which was held jointly with the fifth European Symposium on Programming (ESOP '94) in Edinburgh in April 1994. Originally this colloquium series was devoted to the algebraic and combinatorial properties of trees, and their role in various fields of computer science. Taking into account the evolution of computer science, CAAP '94 focuses on logical, algebraic and combinatorial properties of discrete structures (strings, trees, graphs, etc.); the topics also include applications to computer science provided that algebraic or syntactic methods are involved. The volume contains 21 papers selected from 51 submissions as well as two invited papers.

The Major Transitions in Evolution

Author : John Maynard Smith
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During evolution there have been several major changes in the way genetic information is organized and transmitted from one generation to the next. These transitions include the origin of life itself, the first eukaryotic cells, reproduction by sexual means, the appearance of multicellular plants and animals, the emergence of cooperation and of animal societies. This is the first book to discuss all these major transitions and their implications for our understanding of evolution.Clearly written and illustrated with many original diagrams, this book will be welcomed by students and researchers in the fields of evolutionary biology, ecology, and genetics.

Lattice Statistics and Mathematical Physics

Author : Jacques H. H. Perk
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This book contains thirty-six short papers on recent progress in a variety of subjects in mathematical and theoretical physics, written for the proceedings of a symposium in honor of the seventieth birthday of Professor F Y Wu, held at the Nankai Institute of Mathematics, October 7OCo11, 2001. The collection of papers is aimed at researchers, including graduate students, with an interdisciplinary interest and gives a brief introduction to many of the topics of current interest. These include new results on exactly solvable models in statistical mechanics, integrable through the YangOCoBaxter equations, quantum groups, fractional statistics, random matrices, index theorems on the lattice, combinatorics, and other related topics."

Historic Orchard and Fruit Tree Stabilization Handbook

Author : Park Historic Structures and Cultural Landscapes Program (U.S.)
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"GPO: U.S. Government Printing Office: 2012--677-011/R8960 Region No. 10"--P. 152.

The Colorado Plateau II

Author : Charles Van Riper
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The publication of The Colorado Plateau: Cultural, Biological, and Physical Research in 2004 marked a timely summation of current research in the Four Corners states. This new volume, derived from the seventh Biennial Conference on the Colorado Plateau in 2003, complements the previous book by focusing on the integration of science into resource management issues. The 32 chapters range in content from measuring human impacts on cultural resources, through grazing and the wildland-urban interface issues, to parameters of climate change on the Plateau. The book also introduces economic perspectives by considering shifting patterns and regional disparities in the Colorado Plateau economy. A series of chapters on mountain lions explores the human-wildland interface. These chapters deal with the entire spectrum of challenges associated with managing this large mammal species in Arizona and on the Colorado Plateau, conveying a wealth of timely information of interest to wildlife managers and enthusiasts. Another provocative set of chapters on biophysical resources explores the management of forest restoration, from the micro scale all the way up to large-scale GIS analyses of ponderosa pine ecosystems on the Colorado Plateau. Given recent concerns for forest health in the wake of fires, severe drought, and bark-beetle infestation, these chapters will prove enlightening for forest service, park service, and land management professionals at both the federal and state level, as well as general readers interested in how forest management practices will ultimately affect their recreation activities. With broad coverage that touches on topics as diverse as movement patterns of rattlesnakes, calculating watersheds, and rescuing looted rockshelters, this volume stands as a compendium of cutting-edge research on the Colorado Plateau that offers a wealth of insights for many scholars.

Foundations of Software Science and Computational Structures

Author : Vladimiro Sassone
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Foundations of Software Science and Computation Structures, FOSSACS 2005, held in Edinburgh, UK in April 2005 as part of ETAPS. The 30 revised full papers presented together with 2 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 108 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on rule formats and bisimulation, probabilistic models, algebraic models, games and automata, language analysis, partial order models, logics, coalgebraic modal logics, and computational models.

Computer Aided Verification

Author : Kousha Etessami
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This volume contains the proceedings of the International Conference on Computer Aided Veri?cation (CAV), held in Edinburgh, Scotland, July 6–10, 2005. CAV 2005 was the seventeenth in a series of conferences dedicated to the advancement of the theory and practice of computer-assisted formal an- ysis methods for software and hardware systems. The conference covered the spectrum from theoretical results to concrete applications, with an emphasis on practical veri?cation tools and the algorithms and techniques that are needed for their implementation. We received 123 submissions for regular papers and 32 submissions for tool papers.Ofthesesubmissions,theProgramCommitteeselected32regularpapers and 16 tool papers, which formed the technical program of the conference. The conference had three invited talks, by Bob Bentley (Intel), Bud Mishra (NYU), and George C. Necula (UC Berkeley). The conference was preceded by a tutorial day, with two tutorials: – Automated Abstraction Re?nement, by Thomas Ball (Microsoft) and Ken McMillan (Cadence); and – Theory and Practice of Decision Procedures for Combinations of (First- Order) Theories, by Clark Barrett (NYU) and Cesare Tinelli (U Iowa). CAV 2005 had six a?liated workshops: – BMC 2005: 3rd Int. Workshop on Bounded Model Checking; – FATES 2005: 5th Workshop on Formal Approaches to Testing Software; – GDV 2005: 2nd Workshop on Games in Design and Veri?cation; – PDPAR 2005: 3rd Workshop on Pragmatics of Decision Procedures in - tomated Reasoning; – RV 2005: 5th Workshop on Runtime Veri?cation; and – SoftMC 2005: 3rd Workshop on Software Model Checking.

RTA 2008

Author : Andrei Voronkov
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ThisvolumecontainsthepaperspresentedatRTA2008:19thInternationalC- ference on Rewriting Techniques and Applications held July 15–17th in Hag- berg,AustriaandorganisedbytheResearchInstituteonSymbolicComputation. There were 57 submissions. Each submission was reviewed by at least four Programme Committee members. The committee decided to accept 30 papers. The submission and Programme Committee work was organised through the EasyChair system. I thank the Programme Committee members for their very e?cient work. My special thanks to Temur Kutsia, Aart Middeldorp, Robert Nieuwenhuis and Maribel Fernandez for their help and advice on many aspects of the RTA - ganisation and traditions. I would also like to thank RTA General Chair Bruno Buchberger. April 2008 Andrei Voronkov Conference Organisation General Chair Bruno Buchberger (Johannes Kepler University Linz) Programme Chair Andrei Voronkov (University of Manchester) Organising Committee Chair Temur Kutsia (Johannes Kepler University Linz) Programme Committee Maribel Fern´ andez (King's College London) Neil Ghani (University of Nottingham) J¨ urgen Giesl (RWTH Aachen) Guillem Godoy (Universidad Polit´ ecnica de Cataluna ˜ ) Jean Goubault-Larrecq (ENS Cachan) Tetsuo Ida (University of Tsukuba) Claude Kirchner (INRIA) Konstantin Korovin (University of Manchester) Temur Kutsia (Johannes Kepler University Linz) Aart Middeldorp (University of Innsbruck) Paliath Narendran (University at Albany - SUNY) Robert Nieuwenhuis (Universidad Polit´ ecnica de Cataluna ˜ ) Micha¨ el Rusinowitch (LORIA-INRIA) Aaron Stump (Washington University in St.

Formal Description Techniques and Protocol Specification Testing and Verification

Author : Stan Budkowski
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Formal Description Techniques and Protocol Specification, Testing and Verification addresses formal description techniques (FDTs) applicable to distributed systems and communication protocols. It aims to present the state of the art in theory, application, tools and industrialization of FDTs. Among the important features presented are: FDT-based system and protocol engineering; FDT-application to distributed systems; Protocol engineering; Practical experience and case studies. Formal Description Techniques and Protocol Specification, Testing and Verification comprises the proceedings of the Joint International Conference on Formal Description Techniques for Distributed Systems and Communication Protocols and Protocol Specification, Testing and Verification, sponsored by the International Federation for Information Processing, held in November 1998, Paris, France. Formal Description Techniques and Protocol Specification, Testing and Verification is suitable as a secondary text for a graduate-level course on Distributed Systems or Communications, and as a reference for researchers and practitioners in industry.

Rigidity Theory and Applications

Author : M.F. Thorpe
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Although rigidity has been studied since the time of Lagrange (1788) and Maxwell (1864), it is only in the last twenty-five years that it has begun to find applications in the basic sciences. The modern era starts with Laman (1970), who made the subject rigorous in two dimensions, followed by the development of computer algorithms that can test over a million sites in seconds and find the rigid regions, and the associated pivots, leading to many applications. This workshop was organized to bring together leading researchers studying the underlying theory, and to explore the various areas of science where applications of these ideas are being implemented.

Security and Intelligent Information Systems

Author : Pascal Bouvry
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the Joint Meeting of the 2nd Luxembourg-Polish Symposium on Security and Trust and the 19th International Conference Intelligent Information Systems, held as International Joint Confererence on Security and Intelligent Information Systems, SIIS 2011, in Warsaw, Poland, in June 2011. The 29 revised full papers presented together with 2 invited lectures were carefully reviewed and selected from 60 initial submissions during two rounds of selection and improvement. The papers are organized in the following three thematic tracks: security and trust, data mining and machine learning, and natural language processing.

Data Abstraction and Pattern Identification in Time series Data

Author : Prithiviraj Muthumanickam
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Data sources such as simulations, sensor networks across many application domains generate large volumes of time-series data which exhibit characteristics that evolve over time. Visual data analysis methods can help us in exploring and understanding the underlying patterns present in time-series data but, due to their ever-increasing size, the visual data analysis process can become complex. Large data sets can be handled using data abstraction techniques by transforming the raw data into a simpler format while, at the same time, preserving significant features that are important for the user. When dealing with time-series data, abstraction techniques should also take into account the underlying temporal characteristics. This thesis focuses on different data abstraction and pattern identification methods particularly in the cases of large 1D time-series and 2D spatio-temporal time-series data which exhibit spatiotemporal discontinuity. Based on the dimensionality and characteristics of the data, this thesis proposes a variety of efficient data-adaptive and user-controlled data abstraction methods that transform the raw data into a symbol sequence. The transformation of raw time-series into a symbol sequence can act as input to different sequence analysis methods from data mining and machine learning communities to identify interesting patterns of user behavior. In the case of very long duration 1D time-series, locally adaptive and user-controlled data approximation methods were presented to simplify the data, while at the same time retaining the perceptually important features. The simplified data were converted into a symbol sequence and a sketch-based pattern identification was then used to identify patterns in the symbolic data using regular expression based pattern matching. The method was applied to financial time-series and patterns such as head-and-shoulders, double and triple-top patterns were identified using hand drawn sketches in an interactive manner. Through data smoothing, the data approximation step also enables visualization of inherent patterns in the time-series representation while at the same time retaining perceptually important points. Very long duration 2D spatio-temporal eye tracking data sets that exhibit spatio-temporal discontinuity was transformed into symbolic data using scalable clustering and hierarchical cluster merging processes, each of which can be parallelized. The raw data is transformed into a symbol sequence with each symbol representing a region of interest in the eye gaze data. The identified regions of interest can also be displayed in a Space-Time Cube (STC) that captures both the temporal and contextual information. Through interactive filtering, zooming and geometric transformation, the STC representation along with linked views enables interactive data exploration. Using different sequence analysis methods, the symbol sequences are analyzed further to identify temporal patterns in the data set. Data collected from air traffic control officers from the domain of Air traffic control were used as application examples to demonstrate the results.

Tree of Dreams

Author : Lynn V. Andrews
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Exploring the inevitable process of aging and death, the author of Medicine Woman also addresses the various transitions, changes, and challenges that occur in every individual's life--including divorce, loss of a job, sudden illness, or grief--explaining how such events can help readers gain strength, wisdom, and respect in their own lives.

Vegetation Climate Interaction

Author : Jonathan Adams
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An accessible account of the ways in which the world's plant life affects the climate. It covers everything from tiny local microclimates created by plants to their effect on a global scale. If you’ve ever wondered how vegetation can create clouds, haze and rain, or how plants have an impact on the composition of greenhouse gases, then this book is required reading.