Search results for: triticale-today-and-tomorrow

Triticale Today and Tomorrow

Author : Henrique Guedes-Pinto
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Triticale's days as a scientific curiosity are definitely over. Its wide acceptance as a feed, grain or forage crop, or for baking and malting, plus its high yields under marginal or stress conditions have made it an economically important crop in countries such as Poland, Germany, Australia, Portugal, Brazil, Morocco and China. This publication contains selected, reviewed, and up-to-date papers presented at the Third International Triticale Symposium held in Lisbon, Portugal, by the International Triticale Association and EUCARPIA. Among the broad spectrum of subjects addressed in these presentations are cytogenetics, biotechnology, genetic resources, breeding, agronomic practices and diseases. Also included are triticale's food, feed and forage uses, as well as its marketing processes. In a world of increasing population and decreasing agricultural resources, triticale offers a genuine solution for increasing land utilization and grain production.

Triticale Improvement and Production

Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
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Triticale, the first successful human-made cereal grain, was produced in 1875 by crossing wheat with rye. This publication contains updated information on various aspects of triticale production, uses and marketing strategies worldwide; and it includes 13 country reports on the crop's production and research status.

Wheat barley and triticale cultivars A list of publications in which national scientists have noted the cooperation or germplasm they received from CIMMYT

Author : John E. Woolston
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Handbook of Cereal Science and Technology Revised and Expanded

Author : Karel Kulp
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This thoroughly revised second edition addresses the full spectrum of cereal grain science, employing agronomic, chemical, and technological perspectives and providing new and expanded treatment of food enrichment techniques, nutritional standards, and product quality evaluation. Written by over 40 internationally respected authorities, the

Genetic Resources Chromosome Engineering and Crop Improvement

Author : Ram J. Singh
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Summarizing landmark research, Volume 2 of this essential series furnishes information on the availability of germplasm resources that breeders can exploit for producing high-yielding cereal crop varieties. Written by leading international experts, this volume offers the most comprehensive and up-to-date information on employing genetic resources t

Polyploidy and Hybridization for Crop Improvement

Author : Annaliese S. Mason
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Many of our current agricultural crops are natural or agricultural hybrids (between two or more species), or polyploids (containing more than one genome or set of chromosomes). These include potato, oats, cotton, oilseed rape, wheat, strawberries, kiwifruit, banana, seedless watermelon, triticale and many others. Polyploidy and hybridization can also be used for crop improvement: for example, to introgress disease resistance from wild species into crops, to produce seedless fruits for human consumption, or even to create entirely new crop types. Some crop genera have hundreds of years of interspecific hybridization and ploidy manipulation behind them, while in other genera use of these evolutionary processes for crop improvement is still at the theoretical stage. This book brings together stories and examples by expert researchers and breeders working in diverse crop genera, and details how polyploidy and hybridization processes have shaped our current crops, how these processes have been utilized for crop improvement in the past, and how polyploidy and interspecific hybridization can be used for crop improvement in the future.

Triticale

Author : Henrique Guedes-Pinto
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Triticale

Author : François Eudes
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Triticale crop species has received substantial research support since the mid-20th century making it a commercial success in many countries, in diverse value propositions. However, no recent book captures the new knowledge and progresses made in more than 2 decades. The purpose of this work is to review and collate the new knowledge of triticale plant biology and agronomy, while considering the contribution of biotechnology enablers such as molecular markers, doubled haploid technology and genetic engineering in breeding for traits important for crop production, feed, food and industrial end-uses.

Advances in Haploid Production in Higher Plants

Author : Alisher Touraev
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The importance of haploids is well known to geneticists and plant breeders. The discovery of anther-derived haploid Datura plants in 1964 initiated great excitement in the plant breeding and genetics communities as it offered shortcuts in producing highly desirable homozygous plants. Unfortunately, the expected revolution was slow to materialise due to problems in extending methods to other species, including genotypic dependence, recalcitrance, slow development of tissue culture technologies and a lack of knowledge of the underlying processes. Recent years have witnessed great strides in the research and application of haploids in higher plants. After a lull in activities, drivers for the resurgence have been: (1) development of effective tissue culture protocols, (2) identification of genes c- trolling embryogenesis, and (3) large scale and wide spread commercial up-take in plant breeding and plant biotechnology arenas. The first major international symposium on “Haploids in Higher Plants” took place in Guelph, Canada in 1974. At that time there was much excitement about the potential benefits, but in his opening address Sir Ralph Riley offered the following words of caution: “I believe that it is quite likely that haploid research will contr- ute cultivars to agriculture in several crops in the future. However, the more extreme claims of the enthusiasts for haploid breeding must be treated with proper caution. Plant breeding is subject from time to time to sweeping claims from ent- siastic proponents of new procedures.

Top 100 Food Plants

Author : Ernest Small
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Reviews scientific and technological information about the world's major food plants and their culinary uses. This title features a chapter that discusses nutritional and other fundamental scientific aspects of plant foods. It covers various categories of food plants such as cereals, oilseeds, fruits, nuts, vegetables, legumes, herbs, and spices.

Chromosome Manipulation for Plant Breeding Purposes

Author : Pilar Prieto
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The ability to exploit the potential of wild relatives carrying beneficial traits is a major goal in breeding programs. However, it relies on the possibility of the chromosomes from the crop and wild species in interspecific crosses to recognize, associate, and undergo crossover formation during meiosis, the cellular process responsible for producing gametes with half the genetic content of their parent cells. Unfortunately, in most cases, a barrier exists preventing successful hybridization between the wild and crop chromosomes. Understanding the mechanisms controlling chromosome associations during meiosis are of great interest in plant breeding and will allow chromosome manipulation to introduce genetic variability from related species into a crop. In addition to interspecific hybrids, other materials, such as natural and synthetic polyploids and introgression lines derived from allopolyploids, among others, are powerful tools in the framework of plant breeding. For example, an extra pair of alien chromosomes in the full genome complement of a crop species has been frequently used as a first step to access genetic variation from the secondary gene pool in breeding programs. In addition, such introgression lines are also pivotal in the study of interspecific genetic interactions, in the chromosomal location of genetic markers, and in the study of chromosome structure and behavior in somatic and meiotic cells. Contained in this Special Issue are accounts of original research, including new tools to identify chromosome introgressions and the development and characterization of introgression lines and interspecific hybrids carrying desirable agronomic traits for plant breeding purposes. Also included are reviews about the chromosome engineering of tropical cash crops and the effect of chromosome structure on chromosome associations and recombination during meiosis to allow chromosome manipulation in the framework of plant breeding.

The Genetics and Exploitation of Heterosis in Crops

Author : CIMMYT.
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Cereals in China

Author :
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Root Genomics

Author : Antonio Costa de Oliveira
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With the predicted increase of the human population and the subsequent need for larger food supplies, root health in crop plants could play a major role in providing sustainable highly productive crops that can cope with global climate changes. While the essentiality of roots and their relation to plant performance is broadly recognized, less is known about their role in plant growth and development. “Root Genomics” examines how various new genomic technologies are rapidly being applied to the study of roots, including high-throughput sequencing and genotyping, TILLING, transcription factor analysis, comparative genomics, gene discovery and transcriptional profiling, post-transcriptional events regulating microRNAs, proteome profiling and the use of molecular markers such as SSRs, DArTs, and SNPs for QTL analyses and the identification of superior genes/alleles. The book also covers topics such as the molecular breeding of crops in problematic soils and the responses of roots to a variety of stresses.

Durum Wheat Breeding

Author : Conxita Royo
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Is your knowledge about this important grain crop up to date? This comprehensive two-volume resource reviews the latest advances in scientific and technical knowledge for durum wheat breeding. With a scope of coverage that includes genetics and molecular biology, plant and crop physiology, and breeding strategies and methodology, Durum Wheat Breeding: Current Approaches and Future Strategies is designed to aid students, educators, and practitioners alike. More than 200 figures and tables make important information and concepts easy to access and understand. Though not primarily designed as a textbook, Durum Wheat Breeding is valuable supplementary reading for postgraduate courses on plant breeding, genetics and molecular biology as applied to agricultural crops, crop physiology, and other related subjects. Part One: World Distribution and the Role of Durum Wheat Breeding covers: the evolution and taxonomy of wheat uses of durum wheat—present and future breeding for improved yield Part Two: Genetics and Molecular Aspects examines: genetic diversity in durum wheat elite germplasm collecting and managing genetic resources wheat cytogenetics the impact of genetic manipulation upon grain composition and quality resistance to abiotic stresses, diseases, and pests the genetic bases of grain quality Part Three: Physiological Bases of Durum Wheat Improvement addresses: advances in yield through genetic improvement ideotypes for sustainable farming the physiological basis of yield potential in durum wheat adaptive mechanisms for water stress functional determinants of grain quality Part Four: Breeding Strategy and Methodology focuses on: increasing yield potential and stability selection tools that can strengthen physiological traits that improve yield selection strategies for winter- and facultative durum wheat and for biotic stress resistance breeding methods and strategies designed to improve the quality of durum wheat the value of wide crosses the doubled-haploid technique the management of genotype x environment interactions proper design and analysis of field experiments Part Five: Applied and Strategic Research in Different Durum Breeding Programs examines some of the most important breeding/improvement programs worldwide, with case examples from Italy, Spain, Romania, Canada, Morocco, the United States, Turkey, and India, as well as the CIMMYT’s international durum wheat breeding program. From the authors: “Durum wheat breeding has been quite successful during the last half-century or so in most regions in which it is a traditional crop. This success, like that of other major crops, has been brought about by the traditional breeding approach of trial and error together with the ’eye’ of the breeder in the selection process. There is a growing consensus, however, that future breeding may be far more efficient if it takes into account not only the newest developments in knowledge for breeding strategies and methodologies, but also advances in scientific areas that may assist breeding to reach its objectives—mainly genetics/molecular biology and plant/crop physiology. It is our hope that this volume will be a valuable resource to current and future generations of wheat growers, breeders, and scientists.”

Molecular improvement of cereal crops

Author : Indra K. Vasil
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From the pre-historic era to modern times, cereal grains have been the most important source of human nutrition, and have helped sustain the increasing population and the development of human civilization. In order to meet the food needs of the 21st century, food production must be doubled by the year 2025, and nearly tripled by 2050. Such enormous increases in food productivity cannot be brought about by relying entirely on conventional breeding methods, especially on less land per capita, with poor quality and quantity of water, and under rapidly deteriorating environmental conditions. Complementing and supplementing the breeding of major food crops, such as the cereals, which together account for 66% of the world food supply, with molecular breeding and genetic manipulation may well provide a grace period of about 50 years in which to control population growth and achieve sustainable development. In this volume, leading world experts on cereal biotechnology describe the production and commercialization of the first generation of transgenic cereals designed to substantially reduce or prevent the enormous losses to cereal productivity caused by competition with weeds, and by various pests and pathogens, which is an important first step in that direction.

Rye

Author : Rolf H. J. Schlegel
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Owing to its considerable winter hardiness, rye is a cereal that played a major role in the feeding of European populations throughout the Middle Ages. Recent data shows that rye is grown on about 5.4 million hectares, with a world production of approximately 13 million tons. While still an important bread food in many countries, rye produced for bread making has decreased or stagnated, whereas production is increasing for other market segments. Particularly, rye for feeding, ethanol processing, and biogas is promoted in Europe. The first comprehensive monograph on rye, Rye: Genetics, Breeding, and Cultivation gathers all the relevant and historic information from botany and genetics to utilization and sustainability of rye. The book covers taxonomy, morphology, and other botany-related aspects of rye. It describes its physiology, cytology, and genetics, including use for genetic improvement of other cereals. The author addresses various types of breeding such as population, hybrid, and molecular breeding. He also discusses rye cropping, including seeding techniques, fungal and viral diseases, and predators. The book examines the various uses for rye beyond bread making. This includes feeding, biomass and biogas production, ethanol production, and other important characteristics such as phytosterol content and antioxidant activity. It also explores the nutritional value of rye. Written by a leading expert in the field, this monograph compiles the most important facets of rye research, past and present.

Helminthosporium blights of wheat Spot blotch and Tan spot

Author : E. Duveiller
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Helminthosporium diseases of wheat: summary of group discussions and recommendations; Evolution of the nomenclature used for Helminthosporium spp. causing leaf blight of wheat; Crop management and breeding for control of Pyrenophora tritici-repentis causing yellow spot of wheat in Australia; Constraints on the integrated management of spot blotch of wheat; Components of the spot disease cycle; Leaf blight diseases and associated soilborne fungal pathogens of wheat in South and Southeast Asia; Foliar blights of wheat in India: germplasm improvement and future challenges for sustainable, high yelding wheat production; Distribution of pathogens causing foliar blight of wheat in India and neighboring countries; Occurrence and significance of spot blotch in Bangladesch; Disease incidence and yield loss due to foliar blight of wheat in nepal; Tan spot in Western Canada; Diseases caused by Bipolaris sorokiniana and Drechslera tritici-repentis in Hungary; Population structure and epidemiology of Bipolaris sorokiniana in the Rice-wheat cropping pattern of Nepal; Tan spot in Central Asia; Breeding for foliar blight resistance in heilongjiang province, China; Incidence and current management of spot blotch of wheat in China; Spot bloch and tan spot of wheat in Paraguay; Research on Pyrenophora tritici-repentis tan spot of wheat in Uruguay; Improving control of tan spot caused by Pyrenophora tritici-repentis in the Mixteca Alta of Oaxaca, Mexico; Importance of spot blotch caused by Bipolaris sorokiniana in Bolivia; Major foliar diseases of triticale in Morocco; Effect of crop rotation and straw mulch inoculation on tan spot and root rot in bread and durum wheat; Breeding for resistance to spot blotch in wheat: global perspective; Evaluating spot blotch resistance of wheat: improving disease assessment under controlled conditions and in the field; Results of the South Asia regional Helminthosporium leaf blight and yield experiment, 1993-94; Breeding for resistance to Helminthosporium blights in Nepal: strategies and genetic gains; Resistance to spot blotch in spring wheat: breeding and genetic studies; Effect of single D-Genome chromosome substitutions from bread wheat on spot blotch resistance of hexaploid triticale; Repeatability of tan spot resistance evaluation in wheat; New approach for clustering breedings genotypes using production variables, yield losses and a double-digit disease scale; Screening wheat for Bipolaris sorokiniana resistance in Vietnan; Ran spot resiatance in tetraploid and hexaploid wheat; Novel genetic diversity for stress tolerance in the triticease: strategic avenues and applied potentials; Evaluating Southern cone wheat germoplasm for spot blotch and ta spot; Variation in resistance to Bipolaris sorokiana and Magnaporthe grisea in wheat grisea in wheat plants regenerated throught embryogenesis; Evaluating spot blotch resistance traits in wheat and related species; In vitro selection for spot blotch resistance in wheat; Identification and inheritance of resistance to foliar blight of wheat; Root rot of wheat: inoculation and screening techniques, yield loss assessment, and germplasm evaluation; Transformation technologies available for enhamcing fungal resistance in wheat; Molecular analyses of toxin (s) produced by Pyrenophora tritici-repentis; Role of host metabolism in action of necrosis toxin from Pyrenophora tritici-repentis; Fungi associated with foliar blight of wheat in warm areas; Characterization of the Pyrenophora tritici-repentis necrosis toxin and a folding precursor; Diversity of Pyrephora tritici-repentis isolates from warm wheat growing areas: pathogenicity, toxin production, and RAPD analysis; Role of root exudates and toxins in susceptibility of yemeni wheat varieties to Cochliobolus sativus; Characterization od Cochliobolus sativuis isolates from the UK and yemen; A xylanase gene from Cochliobolus sativus; Leaf spot diseases of wheat in a conservation tillage study; Control of leaf blights of wheat by elimination of the inoculum source; Incidence and severity of leaf-spotting diseases of spring wheat in Southern Manitoba; Tan spot of wheat in Argentina: importance and disease management strategies; Influence of agronomic practice on foliar blight, and identification of alternate host in the rice-wheat cropping system; Evaluation of tan spot research in Morocco; Controlling leaf spot of wheat throught nutrient management; Phytosanitary effect of the combined application on green manure and antaginistic bacterium Bacillus subtilis on Bipolaris sorokiniana; Seed pathology of tan spot; Wheat reaction to kernel infection by Pyrenophora tritici-repentis and effect on the subsequent crop; List of participants.

Concise Encyclopedia of Crop Improvement

Author : Rolf Schlegel
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How were today’s complex approaches to improving crops developed? The quest for a steady food supply sparked plant breeding attempts over 12,000 years ago. The Concise Encyclopedia of Crop Improvement is a comprehensive resource explaining the development of crop improvement methods over the centuries. This extensive history of development is examined in detail, including influential individuals in the field, plant cultivation in Asia since the Neolithic time, techniques used in the Old World, and cropping in ancient America. The advance of scientific plant breeding in the twentieth century is extensively explored, including hybrid breeding, biotechnological improvement, and genetic manipulation. The Concise Encyclopedia of Crop Improvement focuses on the full range of social and scientific advances in crop development. This concise yet detailed overview discusses leaders in the field, theories, achievements, disputes, and institutions that were crucial in the evolution of crop improvement, breeding, and plant genetics. Individual chapters discuss crop improvement within a specific time frame or geographic area as well as providing separate sections describing specific types or advances of breeding or scientific method. Numerous helpful tables, figures, and photos are included for idea clarity and illustration, and include comprehensive references. Topics in the Concise Encyclopedia of Crop Improvement include: plant breeding development over the past 10,000 years Arabic agriculture Medieval and Renaissance agriculture in Europe Mendel’s laws—the beginning of genetic research breeding by selection pure lines and improvement of self-pollinated crops positive and negative mass selection backcross breeding synthetics mutation breeding induced mutation somaclonal variation by in vitro culture much, much more The Concise Encyclopedia of Crop Improvement is essential for governmental, public, and academic libraries. This superb reference is a perfect desktop resource for students, educators, researchers, seed producers, historians, and anyone interested in agronomy, plant breeding, genetics, biotechnology, or biology.

History of Plant Breeding

Author : Rolf H. J. Schlegel
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While there has been great progress in the development of plant breeding over the last decade, the selection of suitable plants for human consumption began over 13,000 years ago. Since the Neolithic era, the cultivation of plants has progressed in Asia Minor, Asia, Europe, and ancient America, each specific to the locally wild plants as well as the ecological and social conditions. A handy reference for knowing our past, understanding the present, and creating the future, this book provides a comprehensive treatment of the development of crop improvement methods over the centuries. It features an extensive historical treatment of development, including influential individuals in the field, plant cultivation in various regions, techniques used in the Old World, and cropping in ancient America. The advances of scientific plant breeding in the twentieth century is extensively explored, including efficient selection methods, hybrid breeding, induced polyploidy, mutation research, biotechnology, and genetic manipulation. Finally, this book presents information on approaches to the sustainability of breeding and to cope with climatic changes as well as the growing world population.