Search Results for "understanding-knowledge-as-a-commons"

Understanding Knowledge as a Commons

Understanding Knowledge as a Commons

From Theory to Practice

  • Author: Charlotte Hess,Elinor Ostrom
  • Publisher: MIT Press (MA)
  • ISBN: 9780262083577
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Page: 367
  • View: 5850
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Looking at knowledge as a shared resource: experts discuss how to define, protect,and build the knowledge commons in the digital age.

Governing Knowledge Commons

Governing Knowledge Commons

  • Author: Brett M. Frischmann,Michael J. Madison,Katherine J. Strandburg
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199972044
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 400
  • View: 5960
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"Knowledge commons" describes the institutionalized community governance of the sharing and, in some cases, creation, of information, science, knowledge, data, and other types of intellectual and cultural resources. It is the subject of enormous recent interest and enthusiasm with respect to policymaking about innovation, creative production, and intellectual property. Taking that enthusiasm as its starting point, Governing Knowledge Commons argues that policymaking should be based on evidence and a deeper understanding of what makes commons institutions work. It offers a systematic way to study knowledge commons, borrowing and building on Elinor Ostrom's Nobel Prize-winning research on natural resource commons. It proposes a framework for studying knowledge commons that is adapted to the unique attributes of knowledge and information, describing the framework in detail and explaining how to put it into context both with respect to commons research and with respect to innovation and information policy. Eleven detailed case studies apply and discuss the framework exploring knowledge commons across a wide variety of scientific and cultural domains.

Think Like a Commoner

Think Like a Commoner

A Short Introduction to the Life of the Commons

  • Author: David Bollier
  • Publisher: New Society Publishers
  • ISBN: 1550925598
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 192
  • View: 9395
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A new world based on fairness, participation, accountability is closer than you thinkif you learn to think like a commoner The biggest "tragedy of the commons" is the misconception that commons are failures-relics from another era rendered unnecessary by the Market and State. Think Like a Commoner dispels such prejudices by explaining the rich history and promising future of the commons-an ageless paradigm of cooperation and fairness that is re-making our world. With graceful prose and dozens of fascinating stories, Bollier describes the quiet revolution that is pioneering practical forms of self-governance and production controlled by people themselves. Think Like a Commoner explains how the commons: Is an exploding field of DIY innovation ranging from Wikipedia and seed-sharing to community forests and collaborative consumption, and beyond Challenges the standard narrative of market economics by explaining how cooperation generates significant value and human fulfillment Provides a framework of law and social action that can help us move beyond the pathologies of neoliberal capitalism. We have a choice: Ignore the commons and suffer the ongoing private plunder of our common wealth. Or Think Like a Commoner and learn how to rebuild our society and reclaim our shared inheritance. This accessible, comprehensive introduction to the commons will surprise and enlighten you, and provoke you to action.

Biotech Innovations and Fundamental Rights

Biotech Innovations and Fundamental Rights

  • Author: Roberto Bin,Sara Lorenzon,Nicola Lucchi
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 8847020328
  • Category: Law
  • Page: 354
  • View: 2858
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Biotechnology is a recognized research area that has increasingly advanced into new technologies and modern practices raising several legal, ethical and regulatory issues. The revolutionary speed of biotech innovations has had a significant impact on the protection of the rights of the individual. Fundamental rights provide a framework within which the justification of limitations and restrictions to biotechnology innovations and research results have to be assessed. The legal regulation of scientific research and scientific investigations impact more and more directly on the freedom of research and therapies as well as on the broad diffusion of knowledge. Closely related is also the debated question of the technological manipulation of life and the boundary of scientific knowledge with regard to the topical question of genetic invention patents and their side effects on access to scientific information and health care opportunities. Drawing on expertise from different disciplines, the volume comprises invited papers and plenary presentations given at the conference entitled “Biotech Innovations & Fundamental Rights” that took place on Januray 20-21 2011 at the Department of Juridical Sciences of the University of Ferrara. Each contribution covers a different aspect of the legal and scientific issues involved in regulation of biotechnology. In particular the focus of attention has been given to genetic research, genetic data, freedom of scientific research in genetics and biotech patents.

We Are the Ones We Have Been Waiting For

We Are the Ones We Have Been Waiting For

The Promise of Civic Renewal in America

  • Author: Peter Levine
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199371296
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 248
  • View: 2683
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Chronic unemployment, deindustrialized cities, and mass incarceration are among the grievous social problems that will not yield unless American citizens address them. Peter Levine's We Are the Ones We Have Been Waiting For is a primer for anyone motivated to help revive our fragile civic life and restore citizens' public role. After offering a novel theory of active citizenship, a diagnosis of its decline, and a searing critique of our political institutions, Levine-one of America's most influential civic engagement activists-argues that American citizens must address our most challenging issues. People can change the norms and structures of their own communities through deliberative civic action. He illustrates rich and effective civic work by drawing lessons from YouthBuild USA, Everyday Democracy, the Industrial Areas Foundation, and many other civic groups. Their organizers invite all citizens-including traditionally marginalized people, such as low-income teenagers-to address community problems. Levine explores successful efforts from communities across America as well as from democracies overseas. He shows how cities like Bridgeport, CT and Allentown, PA have bounced back from the devastating loss of manufacturing jobs by drawing on robust civic networks. The next step is for the participants in these local efforts to change policies that frustrate civic engagement nationally. Filled with trenchant analysis and strategies for reform, We Are the Ones We Have Been Waiting For analyzes and advocates a new citizen-centered politics capable of tackling problems that cannot be fixed in any other way.

The Wealth of the Commons

The Wealth of the Commons

A World Beyond Market and State

  • Author: David Bollier,Silke Helfrich
  • Publisher: Levellers Press
  • ISBN: 1937146146
  • Category: Political Science
  • Page: 462
  • View: 6097
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We are poised between an old world that no longer works and a new one struggling to be born. Surrounded by centralized hierarchies on the one hand and predatory markets on the other, people around the world are searching for alternatives. The Wealth of the Commons explains how millions of commoners have organized to defend their forests and fisheries, reinvent local food systems, organize productive online communities, reclaim public spaces, improve environmental stewardship and re-imagine the very meaning of "progress" and governance. In short, how they've built their commons. In 73 timely essays by a remarkable international roster of activists, academics and project leaders, this book chronicles ongoing struggles against the private com­moditization of shared resources - often known as market enclosures - while docu­menting the immense generative power of the commons. The Wealth of the Commons is about history, political change, public policy and cultural transformation on a global scale - but most of all, it's about individual commoners taking charge of their lives and their endangered resources. "This fine collection makes clear that the idea of the Commons is fully international, and increasingly fully worked-out. If you find yourself wondering what Occupy wants, or if some other world is possible, this pragmatic, down-to-earth, and unsentimental book will provide many of the answers." - Bill McKibben, author of Deep Economy: The Wealth of Communities and The Durable Future

FabLab

FabLab

Of Machines, Makers and Inventors

  • Author: Julia Walter-Herrmann,Corinne Büching
  • Publisher: transcript Verlag
  • ISBN: 3839423821
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 262
  • View: 9706
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Ten years after the first FabLab (a so called fabrication laboratory) was opened at MIT, more than 120 FabLabs exist all over the world. Today, it is time to look back at a decade of FabLab activities. This book shows how small production devices, such as laser cutters and 3D printers, and dedicated educationists, researchers and FabLab practitioners transform the fields of learning, work, production, design, maker culture, law and science on a global scale. In this composition experts from various countries, such as Germany, India or the USA, and distinguished academic institutions, such as MIT or Stanford University, discuss theoretical questions and introduce practical approaches concerning FabLab activities.

Open Access and the Humanities

Open Access and the Humanities

  • Author: Martin Paul Eve
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1107097894
  • Category: Reference
  • Page: 226
  • View: 9699
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Provides a full account of the changes in scholarly communication in the digital age. This title is also available as open access via Cambridge Books Online.

Personal Media and Everyday Life

Personal Media and Everyday Life

A Networked Lifeworld

  • Author: T. Rasmussen
  • Publisher: Springer
  • ISBN: 1137446463
  • Category: Social Science
  • Page: 141
  • View: 7639
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This book addresses the widespread use of digital personal media in daily life. With a sociological and historical perspective, it explores the media-enhanced individualization and rationalization of the lifeworld, discussing the dramatic mediatization of daily life and calling on theorists such as McLuhan, Habermas and Goffman.

Resolving Community Conflicts and Problems

Resolving Community Conflicts and Problems

Public Deliberation and Sustained Dialogue

  • Author: Roger A. Lohmann,Jon Van Til
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • ISBN: 0231525281
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Page: 320
  • View: 5744
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Public deliberation and group discussion can strengthen the foundations of civil society, even when the groups engaged in debate share a history of animosity. Scholars have begun to study the dialogue sustaining these conversations, especially its power to unite and divide groups and individuals. The twenty-four essays in this collection analyze public exchanges and the nature of sustained dialogue within the context of race relations, social justice, ethnic conflicts, public-safety issues, public management, community design, and family therapy. They particularly focus on college campuses and the networks of organizations and actors that have found success there. Open discussion may seem like an idealistic if not foolhardy gesture in such milieus, yet in fact the practice proves crucial to establishing and reinforcing civic harmony.