Search results for: weed-biology-and-management

Biology and Management of Problematic Crop Weed Species

Author : Bhagirath S. Chauhan
File Size : 24.41 MB
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Weeds are the main biological constraint to crop production throughout the year. Uncontrolled weeds could cause 100% yield loss. In Australia, the overall cost of weeds to Australian grain growers was estimated at AU$ 3.3 billion annually. In terms of yield losses, weeds amounted to 2.7 million tonnes of grains at a national level. In the USA, weeds cost US$ 33 billion in lost crop production annually. In India, these costs were estimated to be much higher (US$ 11 billion). These studies from different economies suggest that weeds cause substantial yield and economic loss. Biology and Management of Problematic Weed Species details the biology of key weed species, providing vital information on seed germination and production, as well as factors affecting weed growth. These species include Chenopodium album, Chloris truncata and C. virgate, Conyza bonariensis and C. canadensis, Cyperus rotundus, and many more. This information is crucial for researchers and growers to develop integrated weed management (IWM) strategies. Written by leading experts across the globe, this book is an essential read to plant biologists and ecologists, crop scientists, and students and researchers interested in weed science. Provides detailed information on the biology of different key weed species Covers weed seed germination and emergence Presents the factors affecting weed growth and seed production

Weed Biology and Management

Author : Inderjit
File Size : 35.94 MB
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This book offers a global perspective on weed science by presenting contributions from an outstanding group of researchers in 12 countries, reviewed by over 50 experts. It discusses technologies, which could relieve the negative impacts of weeds on crop production in a way that allows growers to optimise profits and preserve human health and the environment. These technologies represent the science of weed management. The aim of the book is to provide insight and recent progress in the science of weed research. Articles presenting the novel and critical appraisals of specific topics are included.

Weed Biology and Management

Author : Inderjit
File Size : 49.27 MB
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Weeds hold an enigmatic and sometimes-controversial place in agriculture, where they are generally reviled, grudgingly tolerated, and occasionally admired. In most cases, growers make considerable effort to reduce the negative economic impact of weeds because they compete with crops for resources and hinder field operations, thereby affecting crop productivity and quality, and ultimately the sustainability of agriculture. Weed control in production agriculture is commonly achieved through the integration of chemical, biological, and mechanical management methods. Chemicals (herbicides) usually inhibit the growth and establishment of weed plants by interfering with various physiological and biochemical pathways. Biological methods include crop competition, smother crops, rotation crops, and allelopathy, as well as specific insect predators and plant pathogens. Mechanical methods encompass an array of tools from short handled hoes to sophisticated video-guided robotic machines. Integrating these technologies, in order to relieve the negative impacts of weeds on crop production in a way that allows growers to optimize profits and preserve human health and the environment, is the science of weed management.

Weed Science

Author : Thomas J. Monaco
File Size : 69.89 MB
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The updated edition of the classic, fundamental book on weedscience Weed Science provides a detailed examination ofthe principles of integrated weed management with important detailson how chemical herbicides work and should be used. This revisedFourth Edition addresses recent developments affecting weedscience. These include the increased use of conservation-tillagesystems, environmental concerns about the runoff of agrochemicals,soil conservation, crop biotechnology, resistance of weeds andcrops to herbicides, weed control in nonagricultural settings andconcerns regarding invasive plants, wetland restoration, and theneed for a vastly improved understanding of weed ecology. Current management practices are covered along with guidance forselecting herbicides and using them effectively. To serve as a moreefficient reference, herbicides are cross-listed by chemical andbrand name and grouped by mechanism of action and physiologicaleffect rather than chemical structure. In addition, an introductionto organic chemistry has been added to familiarize readers withorganic herbicides. Also included are guidelines on weed-controlpractices for specific crops or situations, such as small grains,row crops, horticultural crops, lawns and turf, range land, brush,and aquatic plant life. Generously supplemented with 300 drawings, photographs, andtables, Weed Science is an essential book for students taking anintroductory course in weed science, as well as a reference foragricultural advisors, county agents, extension specialists, andprofessionals throughout the agrochemical industry.

Weed Ecology

Author : Steven R. Radosevich
File Size : 85.70 MB
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Weeds are successful plants, but on their own terms. Looking at weeds from an ecological viewpoint, emphasising the way in which one species interacts with others, the authors show that weeds are questionable mainly in that they are out-of-place.

Principles of Weed Science Second Edition

Author : V S Rao
File Size : 48.10 MB
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A comprehensive reference-cum-textbook on fundamentals and principles of weed science. Includes updated information on newer approaches (ecophysiological and biological) in weed management, newer herbicides, bioherbicides, herbicide action mechanisms and transformations in plants, herbicide persistence and behaviour in soil and environment, and interaction of herbicide with other aerochemicals.

Textbook On Weed Science

Author : A.Veeramani
File Size : 53.39 MB
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This book was incorporated with general information about weeds with need based data on losses caused by weeds in agriculture and allied fields which include livestock, horticulture crops etc. and also national level loss in terms of reduction in food grain production in Indian economy. As management of weeds being a core area in crop production, it was dealt in detail on weed biology, weed ecology and also weed survey including sampling techniques. This was followed by various weed control methods specific to crops belonging to agriculture and horticulture. Of the weed management practices, integrated weed management was also discussed as well highlighting important crops grown in India as to follow the same by the farmers and extension workers for recommendation to the needy people. This book also comprises of herbicide history and its classification and characteristics with suitable examples. In addition, mode of action of herbicides, herbicide mixture, combinations, rotations, and their interaction were also given as separate chapter. In the recent decade, development of herbicide resistant crops are getting momentum world over, considering its potentiality, information on the same was also given in detail with suitable findings. Weed shift and its management and economic analysis of weed management were another chapters included in this book.

Fundamentals of Weed Science

Author : Robert L Zimdahl
File Size : 31.48 MB
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Fundamentals of Weed Science, Fifth Edition, provides the latest information on this constantly advancing area of study. Placing weed management in the largest context of weed research and science, the book presents the latest advances in the role, control and potential uses of weed plants. From the emergence and genetic foundation of weeds, to the latest means of control and environmental impact, the book uses an ecological framework to explore the role of responsible and effective weed control in agriculture. In addition, users will find discussions of related areas where research is needed for additional understanding. Explored topics include the roles of culture, economics and politics in weed management, all areas that enable scientists and students to further understand the larger effects on society. Winner of a 2019 The William Holmes McGuffey Longevity Award (College) (Texty) from the Textbook Association of America Completely revised with 35% new content Contains expanded coverage of ethnobotany, the specific identity and role of invasive weed species, organic agriculture, and herbicide resistance in GM crops Includes an emphasis on herbicide resistance and molecular biology, both of which have come to dominate weed science research Covers all traditional aspects of weed science as well as current research Provides broad coverage, including relevant related subjects like weed ecology and weed population genetics

Weed Biology and Climate Change

Author : Lewis H. Ziska
File Size : 66.72 MB
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Weed Biology and Climate Change will provide a synthesis of what is known regarding the probable impact of environmental change on weed biology. Chapters will look at impacts of weed biology on agriculture, invasive species that limit ecological diversity and weeds that serve as health risks. In addition it looks at current weed management strategies and how they will be affected by global climate change. The book covers an increasingly important area in plant science, crop science and ecological research, and will be essential reading for anyone exploring the biological impacts of a changing environment.

Decision Support Systems for Weed Management

Author : Guillermo R. Chantre
File Size : 62.64 MB
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Weed management Decision Support Systems (DSS) are increasingly important computer-based tools for modern agriculture. Nowadays, extensive agriculture has become highly dependent on external inputs and both economic costs, as well the negative environmental impact of agricultural activities, demands knowledge-based technology for the optimization and protection of non-renewable resources. In this context, weed management strategies should aim to maximize economic profit by preserving and enhancing agricultural systems. Although previous contributions focusing on weed biology and weed management provide valuable insight on many aspects of weed species ecology and practical guides for weed control, no attempts have been made to highlight the forthcoming importance of DSS in weed management. This book is a first attempt to integrate `concepts and practice’ providing a novel guide to the state-of-art of DSS and the future prospects which hopefully would be of interest to higher-level students, academics and professionals in related areas.