Search Results for "what-happened-in-the-twentieth-century"

What Happened in the Twentieth Century?

What Happened in the Twentieth Century?

Towards a Critique of Extremist Reason

  • Author: Peter Sloterdijk
  • Publisher: Polity
  • ISBN: 9781509518371
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Page: 280
  • View: 7848
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When we look back from the vantage point of the 21st century and ask ourselves what the previous century was all about, what do we see? Our first inclination is to focus on historical events: the 20th century was the age of two devastating world wars, of totalitarian regimes and terrible atrocities like the Holocaust – “the age of extremes,” to use Hobsbawm’s famous phrase. But in this new book, the philosopher Peter Sloterdijk argues that we will never understand the 20th century if we focus on events and ideologies. Rather, in his view, the predominant motif of the 20th century is what Badiou called a passion for the real, which manifests itself as the will to actualize the truth directly in the here and now. Drawing on his Spheres trilogy, Sloterdijk interprets the actualization of the real in the 20th century as a passion for economic and technological “antigravitation”. The rise of consumerism and the easing of the burdens of human life by the constant deployment of new technologies have killed off the kind of radicalism that was rooted in the belief that power would rise from a material base of production. If the 20th century can still inspire us today, it is because the fundamental shift that it brought about opened the way for a critique of extremist reason, a post-Marxist theory of enrichment and a general economy of energy resources based on excess and dissipation. While developing his highly original interpretation of the 20th century, Sloterdijk also addresses a series of related topics including the meaning of the Anthropocene, the domestication of humans and the significance of the sea. The volume also includes major new pieces on Derrida and on Heidegger’s politics. This work, by one of the most original thinkers today will appeal to students and scholars across the humanities and social sciences, as well as anyone interested in philosophy and critical theory.

Extremely Violent Societies

Extremely Violent Societies

Mass Violence in the Twentieth-Century World

  • Author: Christian Gerlach
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1139493515
  • Category: History
  • Page: N.A
  • View: 5284
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In this groundbreaking book Christian Gerlach traces the social roots of the extraordinary processes of human destruction involved in mass violence throughout the twentieth century. He argues that terms such as 'genocide' and 'ethnic cleansing' are too narrow to explain the diverse motives and interests that cause violence to spread in varying forms and intensities. From killings and expulsions to enforced hunger, collective rape, strategic bombing, forced labour and imprisonment he explores what happened before, during, and after periods of widespread bloodshed in countries such as Armenia, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Nazi-occupied Greece and in anti-guerilla wars worldwide in order to highlight the crucial role of socio-economic pressures in the generation of group conflicts. By focussing on why so many different people participated in or supported mass violence, and why different groups were victimized, he offers us a new way of understanding one of the most disturbing phenomena of our times.

Pottsville in the Twentieth Century

Pottsville in the Twentieth Century

  • Author: Leo L. Ward,Mark T. Major
  • Publisher: Arcadia Publishing
  • ISBN: 9780738512372
  • Category: History
  • Page: 128
  • View: 2219
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"FAREWELL 1899! WELCOME 1900!" was the headline in the Pottsville Republican on January 1, 1900. The people of Pottsville ushered in the new century in the usual manner with noisy gatherings and crowded churches. Coal was king in Schuylkill County during the nineteenth century, but the demise of the coal industry had already begun by 1900. Bitter strikes between coal operators and miners, especially the great strike of 1902, caused consumers to find other fuels and forced Pottsville to re-create its economy and identity.However, residents adapted swiftly, and it was not long before Pottsville had seven volunteer fire companies, the second-finest courthouse in the state, a first-class hospital, twenty-three churches, a $100,000 YMCA building, a public mission, a free kindergarten, twelve fine schoolhouses, two parochial schools, and a free public library. Pottsville in the Twentieth Century celebrates the town's changes and accomplishments throughout the 1900s.

Britain in the 19th Century

Britain in the 19th Century

  • Author: Howard Martin
  • Publisher: Nelson Thornes
  • ISBN: 9780174350620
  • Category: Great Britain
  • Page: 410
  • View: 3543
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Challenging History encourages your students to take responsibility for their own learning through individual research. It motivates your students with accessible and attractive layouts, clear vocabulary and text which engages their interest, providing them with intellectual and analytical challenges. Evidence sections, talking points and well structured activities encourage students to think deeply about the issues presented to them. Covering all key aspects of European history, the Challenging History series provides a wealth of information from the fifteenth to the twentieth century.

Histories of American Physical Anthropology in the Twentieth Century

Histories of American Physical Anthropology in the Twentieth Century

  • Author: Michael A. Little,Kenneth A. R. Kennedy
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
  • ISBN: 9780739135112
  • Category: Science
  • Page: 259
  • View: 749
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Histories of American Physical Anthropology in the Twentieth Century chronicles the history of physical anthropology or, as it is now known, biological anthropology from its professional origins in the late 1800 up to its modern transformation in the late 1900s. In this edited volume, 13 contributors trace the development of people, ideas, traditions, and organizations that contributed to the advancement of this branch of anthropology that focuses today on human variation and human evolution. Designed for upper level undergraduate students, graduate students, and professional biological anthropologists, this book provides a brief and accessible history of the biobehavioral side of anthropology in America."

Peasants without the Party: Grassroots Movements in Twentieth Century China

Peasants without the Party: Grassroots Movements in Twentieth Century China

Grassroots Movements in Twentieth Century China

  • Author: Lucien Bianco
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317463102
  • Category: History
  • Page: 300
  • View: 8668
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Exploring one of the most dynamic and contested regions of the world, this series includes works on political, economic, cultural, and social changes in modern and contemporary Asia and the Pacific. The leading specialist on China's twentieth century peasant resistance reexamines, in bold and original ways, the question: Was the Chinese peasantry a revolutionary force? Where most scholarly attention has focused on Communist-led peasant movements, Bianco's story is one of peasant thought and action largely unmediated by modern political parties. This volume pays particular attention to the first half of the twentieth century when peasant-based conflict, ranging from tax and food protests to secret society conflicts, opium struggles, inter-communal conflicts, and tenant protests over rent, was central to nationwide revolutionary processes.

A Pocket History of Sex in the Twentieth Century

A Pocket History of Sex in the Twentieth Century

A Memoir

  • Author: Jane Vandenburgh
  • Publisher: Catapult
  • ISBN: 1582439818
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Page: 396
  • View: 8648
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A true story of 1950s California, teenage rebellion, and a family torn apart by illicit desire: “Intense, controlled, a memoir-as-fever-dream” (The New York Times). Born into “a certain kind of family”—affluent, white, Protestant—Jane Vandenburgh came of age when the sexual revolution was sweeping the cultural landscape, making its mark in a way that would change our manners and mores forever. What began as an all-American life went spectacularly awry. Her father, an architect with a prominent Los Angeles firm, was repeatedly arrested in police raids on gay bars. Ultimately placed in a psychiatric hospital to be “cured” of his homosexuality, he committed suicide when she was nine. Her mother—an artist and freethinker—lost custody of her children when she was committed to a mental hospital. The author and her two brothers were then raised by an aunt and uncle who had seven children and problems of their own. In the midst of private trauma and loss, Vandenburgh delights in revealing larger truths about American culture and her life within it. Quirky, witty, and uncannily wise, A Pocket History of Sex in the Twentieth Century is a brilliant blend of memoir and cultural commentary full of hard-won insights that explode across the page “like a string of Chinese firecrackers” (Washington Post).

Rule and Order Dutch Planning Doctrine in the Twentieth Century

Rule and Order Dutch Planning Doctrine in the Twentieth Century

  • Author: A. Faludi,A.J. van der Valk
  • Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
  • ISBN: 9780792326199
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Page: 318
  • View: 919
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This book is about an art in which the Netherlands excels: strategic planning. Foreign observers will need little convincing of the merits of Dutch planning. They will want to know whether routine explanations (small country, industrious, disciplined people hardened by the perennial fight against the sea) hold any water, and they will want to know where to look for the bag of tricks of Dutch planners. Dutch readers need to be convinced first that planning in the Netherlands is indeed effective before contemplating how this has come about. Our message for both is that, to the extent that Dutch planners do live in what others are inclined to see as a planners' paradise, it is a paradise carefully constructed and maintained by the planners themselves. This smacks of Bernard Shaw describing a profession as a conspiracy against laity. However, all knowledge and all technologies are 'socially constructed', meaning that they are the products of people or groups pursuing often conflicting aims and coming to arrangements about what is to pass as 'true' and 'good'. So this takes away the odium of Dutch planners having their own agenda. Positioning ourselves We are in the business of interpreting Dutch planning, and at the same time committed to improving it. This makes us part of the situation which we describe. This situation is characterized by the existence of two divergent traditions, urban design and the social-science discipline called 'planologie'.

Handwriting of the Twentieth Century

Handwriting of the Twentieth Century

  • Author: Rosemary Sassoon
  • Publisher: Intellect Books
  • ISBN: 1841501786
  • Category: Art
  • Page: 208
  • View: 1210
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The history of formal calligraphy has been thoroughly documented, and the demise of what people see as beautiful handwriting is frequently deplored, but the details of the teaching of this skill during this century have gone almost unrecorded. The main purpose of this book is to create a historical record, however, techniques are illustrated that may be useful for teachers today, while the ever-changing views of the stylists provide examples, as well as a warning, to those who plan for the future.

Grant and Temperley's Europe in the Twentieth Century 1905-1970

Grant and Temperley's Europe in the Twentieth Century 1905-1970

  • Author: Arthur James Grant,H.W.V. Temperley,Agatha Ramm
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1317872428
  • Category: History
  • Page: 392
  • View: 5384
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This introductory survey covers all aspects of the period when Britain was transformed into an industrial, urban society, with political power in the hands of the middle class.