Search results for: x-ray-spectroscopy

X Ray Spectroscopy in Atomic and Solid State Physics

Author : J. Gomes Ferreira
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The fields of X-Ray Spectroscopy in Atomic and Solid State Physics have undergone spectacular growth, sometimes rather anarchic, during the past decade. The old mold of X-ray spectroscopy has been burst, and this ASI provided an in-depth exploration of theory and recently developed techniques; however, some work still needs to be done to create a new frame and reduce anarchy in the field. The purpose of this Institute was to gather atomic and solid state physicists working in theoretical and new experimental techniques recently developed. The lectures were concerned with, among others, the following fields: theory of X-ray near-edge structure, XPS and AES with conventional and synchrotron radiation sources, PIXE, EXAFS, SEXAFS, XRF, SXS, and molecular spectroscopy. The Institute considered in detail some of these experimental tech niques and the pertinent theoretical interpretations by selecting an important list of lectures which summarize the scientific contents of the ASI. The truly international character of this NATO ASI, its size, and the high quality of the lecturers contributed to make this school a very fruitful scientific meeting. Two to four general lectures were given each working day and three afternoons were reserved for presentation of current work in the form of posters. We think that these poster presentations reflect the current research work of the participants.

X Ray Spectroscopy with Synchrotron Radiation

Author : Stephen P. Cramer
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Synchrotron radiation has been a revolutionary and invaluable research tool for a wide range of scientists, including chemists, biologists, physicists, materials scientists, geophysicists. It has also found multidisciplinary applications with problems ranging from archeology through cultural heritage to paleontology. The subject of this book is x-ray spectroscopy using synchrotron radiation, and the target audience is both current and potential users of synchrotron facilities. The first half of the book introduces readers to the fundamentals of storage ring operations, the qualities of the synchrotron radiation produced, the x-ray optics required to transport this radiation, and the detectors used for measurements. The second half of the book describes the important spectroscopic techniques that use synchrotron x-rays, including chapters on x-ray absorption, x-ray fluorescence, resonant and non-resonant inelastic x-ray scattering, nuclear spectroscopies, and x-ray photoemission. A final chapter surveys the exciting developments of free electron laser sources, which promise a second revolution in x-ray science. Thanks to the detailed descriptions in the book, prospective users will be able to quickly begin working with these techniques. Experienced users will find useful summaries, key equations, and exhaustive references to key papers in the field, as well as outlines of the historical developments in the field. Along with plentiful illustrations, this work includes access to supplemental Mathematica notebooks, which can be used for some of the more complex calculations and as a teaching aid. This book should appeal to graduate students, postdoctoral researchers, and senior scientists alike.

X Ray Spectroscopy

Author : Shatendra K Sharma
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The x-ray is the only invention that became a regular diagnostic tool in hospitals within a week of its first observation by Roentgen in 1895. Even today, x-rays are a great characterization tool at the hands of scientists working in almost every field, such as medicine, physics, material science, space science, chemistry, archeology, and metallurgy. With vast existing applications of x-rays, it is even more surprising that every day people are finding new applications of x-rays or refining the existing techniques. This book consists of selected chapters on the recent applications of x-ray spectroscopy that are of great interest to the scientists and engineers working in the fields of material science, physics, chemistry, astrophysics, astrochemistry, instrumentation, and techniques of x-ray based characterization. The chapters have been grouped into two major sections based upon the techniques and applications. The book covers some basic principles of satellite x-rays as characterization tools for chemical properties and the physics of detectors and x-ray spectrometer. The techniques like EDXRF, WDXRF, EPMA, satellites, micro-beam analysis, particle induced XRF, and matrix effects are discussed. The characterization of thin films and ceramic materials using x-rays is also covered.

UV and X Ray Spectroscopy of Laboratory and Astrophysical Plasmas

Author : Eric H. Silver
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Up-to-date accounts of recent and future advances in short-wavelength spectroscopy of laboratory and cosmic plasmas.

Handbook of X Ray Spectrometry

Author : Rene Van Grieken
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"Updates fundamentals and applications of all modes of x-ray spectrometry, including total reflection and polarized beam x-ray fluorescence analysis, and synchrotron radiation induced x-ray emission. Promotes the accurate measurement of samples while reducing the scattered background in the x-ray spectrum."

X Ray Spectroscopy

Author : Bipin K. Agarwal
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An attempt has been made in this edition of the book to retain the appeal of the first edition even after the addition of new material and the deletion of other matter which no longer appears essential. Major revisions have been made in almost all the chapters to include new developments. The material on EXAFS has been updated and put in a separate chapter. The chapter on experimental methods has been considerably expanded to include energy dispersive techniques. New topics like heavy-ion bremsstrah- lung, X-ray lasers, resonant emission, appearance potential spectroscopy, and EXAFS of high-Tc superconducting materials have been added. It is hoped that readers will find the new edition more useful and attractive. I am grateful to Professor R. H; Pratt, University of Pittsburgh, for reading the revisedversion of the first chapter, to Dr. H. Lotsch, of Springer-Verlag, for encouraging meto revisethe book, and to Prashant and Seemafor helping mein preparing the manuscript. Allahabad, B. K. Agarwal July 1989 Preface to the First Edition Rontgen's discovery of X-rays in 1895launched a subject which became central to the development of modem physics. The verification of many of the predictions of quantum theory by X-ray spectroscopy in the early part of the twentieth century stimulated great interest in this area, which has subsequently influenced fieldsas diverseas chemicalphysics, nuclear physics, and the study of the electronic properties of solids, and led to the development of techniques such as Auger, Raman, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy.

Neutron and X ray Spectroscopy

Author : Françoise Hippert
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- Up-to-date account of the principles and practice of inelastic and spectroscopic methods available at neutron and synchrotron sources - Multi-technique approach set around a central theme, rather than a monograph on one technique - Emphasis on the complementarity of neutron spectroscopy and X-ray spectroscopy which are usually treated in separate books

X Ray Spectra and Chemical Binding

Author : Armin Meisel
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In the 12 years that have passed since the publication of Riintgenspektren und chemische Bindung, the original German work on which· this text is based, several aspects of high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy have devel oped rapidly. After accepting the suggestion of Dr. R.D. Deslattes that a translation should be prepared, we thoroughly revised the book in order to include these recent developments in theory, equipment and applications. The latest reSearch results and publications that had appeared by 1987/1988 have been taken into account in the analysis. However, as the general treatment of the German edition is still valid today, the organization of the contents did -not have to be modified. The present status of the field is adequately described just by the addition of supplementary material in the English edition. We have merely rearranged what was previously Chapter 4 into tabular form and placed it as an appendix. This presentation produces greater clarity and increases the ease with which the information can be referred to. We thank Dr. E. Kallne for undertaking the translation. We are grate ful to Dr. R.D. Deslattes and Dr. H. Lotsch for their conscientious and critical checking of the translation. Chapters 3 and 6 were updated by our colleague Dr. H. Sommer, to whom special thanks are due. It is our hope that this transiation and revision will make our text available to a larger section of the scientific community.

X Ray Spectroscopy in Atomic and Solid State Physics

Author : NATO Advanced Study Institute on X-ray Spectroscopy in Atomic and Solid State Physics
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Seventeen papers by physicists working in new theoretical and experimental techniques. The topics include auger electron, x-ray spectroscopy; x-ray fluorescence; proton-induced x-ray emission; electron energy loss; synchroton radiation; and instrumentation. Also includes abstracts of 22 poster papers. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Advances in X Ray Spectroscopy

Author : C. Bonnelle
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Advances in X-Ray Spectroscopy covers topics relevant to the advancement of X-ray spectroscopy technology. The book is a collection of papers written by specialists in X-ray spectroscopy and pays tribute to the scientific work of Prof. Yvette Cauchois. The text is organized into four parts. Part I covers the analysis of X-ray transitions between atomic levels and relativistic theories of X-ray emission satellites and electron BremsStrahlung. Part II reviews the means provided by X-ray spectroscopy for the determination of the electronic structure of solids, while Part III discusses methods of obtaining types of information from X-ray spectra. The fourth part discusses techniques available for studies in the field. Researchers and professionals dealing with X-ray technology will find this book a great source of information regarding its development.